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Download An Employment targeted Economic Program for Kenya PDF
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Publisher : Edward Elgar Pub
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ISBN 10 : UOM:39015082737084
Pages : 274 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (91 users)
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Download or read book An Employment targeted Economic Program for Kenya written by Robert Pollin and published by Edward Elgar Pub. This book was released on 2008 with total page 274 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Contents: Brief Highlights of Major Proposals Summary of Major Findings and Proposals 1. Introduction 2. Employment Conditions and Living Standards 3. Profile of Non-agricultural Household Enterprises 4. Labor Costs, Labor Market Institutions and Employment Expansion 5. The Rural Sector: Institutional Reform for Development 6. Investing in Roads and Water Infrastructure 7. Monetary Policy, Inflation Control, and Interest Rates 8. Exchange Rate Policy and Foreign Trade 9. Restructuring Kenya's Financial System 10. Fiscal Policy: How to Pay for New Pro-employment Initiatives 11. A Restatement of Goals and Strategies Appendix 1: Earnings Function for Household Enterprises Appendix 2: Supply Shock Inflation Appendix 3: Exchange Rate Overvaluation Model Acronyms Bibliography Index

Download Economic Alternatives for Growth  Employment and Poverty Reduction PDF
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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9780230250635
Pages : 302 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (32 users)
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Download or read book Economic Alternatives for Growth Employment and Poverty Reduction written by T. McKinley and published by Springer. This book was released on 2009-09-29 with total page 302 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is a collection of working papers, policy briefs and training modules, published by the International Poverty Centre in Brazil, which provides a comprehensives set of recommendations for alternative economic policies that can generate growth, employment and poverty reduction in developing countries.

Download The Political Economy of Africa PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781136989070
Pages : 456 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (369 users)
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Download or read book The Political Economy of Africa written by Vishnu Padayachee and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2010-06-10 with total page 456 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Political Economy of Africa addresses the real possibilities for African development in the coming decades when seen in the light of the continent’s economic performance over the last half-century. This involves an effort to emancipate our thinking from the grip of western economic models that have often ignored Africa’s diversity in their rush to peddle simple nostrums of dubious merit. The book addresses the seemingly intractable economic problems of the African continent, and traces their origins. It also brings out the instances of successful economic change, and the possibilities for economic revival and renewal. As well as surveying the variety of contemporary situations, the text will provide readers with a firm grasp of the historical background to the topic. It explores issues such as: employment and poverty social policy and security structural adjustment programs and neo-liberal globalization majority rule and democratization taxation and resource mobilization. It contains a selection of country specific case studies from a range of international contributors, many of whom have lived and worked in Africa. The book will be of particular interest to higher level students in political economy, development studies, area studies (Africa) and economics in general.

Download An Employment targeted Economic Program for South Africa PDF
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Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 1782543856
Pages : 204 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (438 users)
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Download or read book An Employment targeted Economic Program for South Africa written by Robert Pollin and published by Edward Elgar Publishing. This book was released on 2007-02-23 with total page 204 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: 'Investment in South Africa is low, real interest rates are high, the employment-intensity of growth has been relatively slow. The "employment-targeted program" advocated in this book seeks to reverse these tendencies by lowering average interest rates and channeling subsidized credit to labor-intensive, pro-poor activities, particularly small-scale agriculture and small and medium-sized enterprises. This is a bold program and by challenging conventional "inflation-targeted" economic policy, the book makes a major contribution to the debate on economic policy in South Africa.' - Keith B. Griffin, University of California-Riverside, US The people of South Africa, and the African National Congress-led government, have made extraordinary social and economic advances since ending apartheid and beginning the transition to democracy in 1994. But the country still faces severe problems of mass unemployment, underemployment and poverty. This study, sponsored by the United Nations Development Program, presents a detailed economic program designed to produce major reductions in unemployment and poverty, and a general spreading of economic well-being, and to achieve these ends in a manner that is sustainable over a longer-term framework.

Download Good Growth and Governance in Africa PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780199698561
Pages : 587 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (996 users)
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Download or read book Good Growth and Governance in Africa written by Akbar Noman and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2012 with total page 587 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume examines the history of developmental policy in Sub-Saharan Africa and considers how different policy options might generate sustained economic growth and reduce poverty. It documents and interprets policy lessons and considers how to translate them to particular country contexts.

Download Economic Transitions to Neoliberalism in Middle Income Countries PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781135233686
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (352 users)
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Download or read book Economic Transitions to Neoliberalism in Middle Income Countries written by Alfredo Saad-Filho and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2009-12-04 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Neoliberalism is based on the systematic use of state power to impose, under the veil of ‘non-intervention’, a hegemonic project of recomposition of capitalist rule in most areas of social life. The tensions and displacements embedded within global neoliberalism are nowhere more evident than in the middle-income countries. At the domestic level, the neoliberal transitions have transformed significantly the material basis of social reproduction in these countries. These transformations include, but they are not limited to, shifts in economic and social policy. They also encompass the structure of property, the modality of insertion of the country into the international economy, and the domestic forms of exploitation and social domination. The political counterpart of these processes is the limitation of the domestic political sphere through the insulation of ‘markets’ and investors from social accountability and the imposition of a stronger imperative of labour control, allegedly in order to secure international competitiveness. These economic and political shifts have reduced the scope for universal welfare provision and led to regressive distributive shifts and higher unemployment and job insecurity in most countries. They have also created an income-concentrating dynamics of accumulation that has proven immune to Keynesian and reformist interventions. This book examines these challenges and dilemmas analytically, and empirically in different national contexts. This edited collection offers a theoretical critique of neoliberalism and a review of the contrasting experiences of eight middle-income countries (Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey and Venezuela). The studies included are interdisciplinary, ranging across economics, sociology, anthropology, international relations, political science and related social sciences. The book focuses on a materialist understanding of the workings of neoliberalism as a modality of social and economic reproduction, and its everyday practices of dispossession and exploitation. It will therefore be of particular interest to scholars in industrial policy, neoliberalism and development strategy.

Download Decent rural employment  productivity effects and poverty reduction in sub Saharan Africa PDF
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Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
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ISBN 10 :
Pages : 29 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( users)
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Download or read book Decent rural employment productivity effects and poverty reduction in sub Saharan Africa written by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and published by Food & Agriculture Org.. This book was released on 2018-10-24 with total page 29 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Promoting decent rural employment, by creating new jobs in rural areas and upgrading the existing ones, could be one of the most efficient pathways to reduce rural poverty. This paper systematically investigates the impact of decent rural employment on agricultural production efficiency in sub-Saharan African countries, taking Ethiopia and Tanzania as case countries. The analysis applies an output-oriented distance function approach with an estimation procedure that accounts for different technological, demographic, socio-economic, institutional and decent rural employment indicators. Data of the most recent round of Living Standards Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) for the two countries are used, and a set of indicators are derived to proxy core dimensions of decent rural employment. The findings of our analysis show that decent rural employment contributes to agricultural production efficiency.

Download Maternal Employment and Child Health PDF
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Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781781001103
Pages : 215 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (81 users)
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Download or read book Maternal Employment and Child Health written by Yana van der Meulen Rodgers and published by Edward Elgar Publishing. This book was released on 2011-01-01 with total page 215 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: As women's labor force participation has risen around the globe, scholarly and policy discourse on the ramifications of this employment growth has intensified. This book explores the links between maternal employment and child health using an international perspective that is grounded in economic theory and rigorous empirical methods. Women's labor-market activity affects child health largely because their paid work raises household income, which strengthens families' abilities to finance healthcare needs and nutritious food; however, time away from children could counteract some of the benefits of higher socioeconomic status that spring from maternal employment. New evidence based on data from nine South and Southeast Asian countries illuminates the potential tradeoff between the benefits and challenges families contend with in the face of women's labor-market activity. This book provides new, original evidence on links between maternal employment and children's health using data associated with three indicators of children's nutritional status: birth size, stunting, and wasting. Results support the implementation and enforcement of policy interventions that bolster women's advancement in the labor market and reduce undernutrition among children. Scholars, students, policymakers and all those with an interest in nutritional science, gender, economics of the family, or development economies will find the methodology and original results expounded here both useful and informative.

Download Social Justice and Gender Equality PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781135911133
Pages : 274 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (359 users)
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Download or read book Social Justice and Gender Equality written by Günseli Berik and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2012-10-12 with total page 274 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The contributors to this edited volume explore the effects of various development strategies and associated macroeconomic policies on women’s well-being and progress towards gender equality. Detailed analyses of major UN reports on gender reveal the different approaches to assessing absolute and relative progress for women and the need to take into account the specifics of policy regimes when making such assessments. The book argues that neoliberal policies, especially the liberalization of trade and investment, make it difficult to close gender wage and earnings gaps, and new gender sensitive policies need to be devised. These and other issues are all examined in more detail in several gendered development histories of countries from Latin America and Asia.

Download The Industrial Policy Revolution II PDF
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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9781137335234
Pages : 607 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (373 users)
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Download or read book The Industrial Policy Revolution II written by J. Esteban and published by Springer. This book was released on 2013-12-13 with total page 607 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is the result of the 2012 International Economic Association's series of roundtables on the theme of Industrial Policy. The first, 'New Thinking on Industrial Policy,' was hosted by the World Bank in Washington, D.C, and the second, 'New Thinking on Industrial Policy: Implications for Africa,' was held in Pretoria, South Africa.

Download Securing Livelihoods PDF
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Publisher : OUP Oxford
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ISBN 10 : 9780191510656
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (915 users)
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Download or read book Securing Livelihoods written by Isabelle Hillenkamp and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2013-11-07 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Far from the vision of popular actors in the popular economy as reactionary and archaic, stubbornly resisting any move towards change, this book's overall aim is to contribute to a broadening and deepening of our understanding of the logic and socio-economic practices of those operating in the informal economy. It focuses on the vulnerabilities of these participants, resulting from high exposure to different risks combined with low social protection, and on the interactions between vulnerability and poverty. It considers security of livelihoods as the guiding principle for multiple practices in the informal economy. Thirteen studies, based on careful analyses of empirical data in different contexts in Africa, Latin America, and Asia, contribute to this multidisciplinary discussion. This book describes how people develop their own strategies to solve their problems through the use of interpersonal networks, associations, and other community-based arrangements. Moreover, it shows that informal economy actors systematically reposition themselves vis-à-vis the State, markets, international, and national policies with the aim of enhancing their economic and social security, and they may do this either individually or collectively. The book emphasizes how adaptability of the informal economy can be influenced by such factors as the macroeconomic context, access to financial, technological, and information resources, infrastructure, social protection schemes, and the institutional environment within which adaptations occur. Case studies stress the need to reformulate questions relating to policy intervention based on a more thorough understanding of the perspective of informal economy actors.

Download Alternative Work Organizations PDF
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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9781137029041
Pages : 207 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (37 users)
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Download or read book Alternative Work Organizations written by M. Atzeni and published by Springer. This book was released on 2012-09-18 with total page 207 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Current and historical examples in the labour movement worldwide have helped to debunk the myth that workers cannot run production. This volume uses geographically and historically diverse examples to analyse the challenges and questions that alternative forms of work present to those involved.

Download Synergies Created by a Strategic Fit between Business and Human Resource Strategies PDF
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Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781443850797
Pages : 175 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (438 users)
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Download or read book Synergies Created by a Strategic Fit between Business and Human Resource Strategies written by Wilson J. Osito Odiyo and published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing. This book was released on 2013-07-26 with total page 175 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This text is an important addition to the ongoing discourse on strategic management, particularly, strategic human resource management. It is a result of research carried out in the agricultural sector, in general, and on multinational tea firms, in particular. The author’s hands-on and conceptual insights gained through nineteen years of experience across African countries make the text a useful tool for company boards of directors and strategic level managers charged with the formulation and implementation of business and human resource strategies. In addition, it provides justification to HR managers of the need to shift focus from primarily being concerned with routine transactional HR activities to dealing with transformational ones, which are contingent on the circumstances of the organization. Scholars, management consultants and management students will also find the contents of this book to be of great interest and benefit. It is now sufficiently recognised that management has to be concerned with deliverables, rather than abstractions. Therefore, many firms formulate and implement one form of business strategy or the other. However, strategies cannot be conceived, let alone realised, without human resource input. The question that HR continues to grapple with, therefore, is how it can demonstrate the contribution of each employee to the bottom line and business sustainability. How this question is to be answered has not always been explained and is even more crucial for the agricultural firms which are characterized by great instability in terms of weather patterns, commodity prices, currency exchange rates and wage levels. HR planning, in these circumstances, cannot be a simple exercise, but getting it right is more important than for organizations in more predictable environments. This book moves away from the romanticization of the role of HRM in such organizations, and instead provides empirical evidence of the types of business and human resource strategies employed, strategic integration between these strategies and the strategic human resource management processes and practices used. Finally, it considers the concomitant synergies achieved by strategic fit between business and human resource strategies and their role in achieving sustainable competitive advantage.

Download Meltdown PDF
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Publisher : Hachette UK
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ISBN 10 : 9780786743636
Pages : 336 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (867 users)
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Download or read book Meltdown written by Katrina vanden Heuvel and published by Hachette UK. This book was released on 2009-01-09 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: America's economy is in meltdown. Banks have failed, foreclosures are sweeping the housing market, and stocks have suffered their worst losses since the Great Depression. Faced with a complex and spiraling crisis, the government has poured billions of taxpayer cash into a bailout with no end in sight. At every step of the way, The Nation, America's oldest weekly magazine, has tackled the most urgent questions facing the nation's leaders and its citizens with clarity and insight. Meltdown draws together nearly twenty years of the best of their coverage of the financial crisis and explores what steps President Obama and his new administration must take to ensure a more secure future for everyone. Contributors include: William Greider on Alan Greenspan's flawed ideology Robert Sherrill on why the bubble popped Thomas Frank on the rise of market populism Christopher Hayes on the coming foreclosure tsunami Barbara Ehrenreich on the implosion of capitalism Kai Wright on how the subprime crisis is bankrupting black America Naomi Klein on Bush's final pillage Joseph E. Stiglitz on Henry Paulson's shell game Jesse Jackson on trickle-down economics Katrina vanden Heuvel and Eric Schlosser on why America needs a New Deal

Download The Political Economy of Development in Kenya PDF
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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
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ISBN 10 : 9781441152299
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (411 users)
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Download or read book The Political Economy of Development in Kenya written by Kempe Ronald Hope, Sr. and published by Bloomsbury Publishing USA. This book was released on 2011-12-01 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Kenya is a country of geopolitical and economic importance in East Africa. It shares borders with unstable states such as Somalia and Sudan while being a hub for trade, communication, finance, and transportation across the region. Although relatively stable since its independence in 1963, the country still faces poverty, inequality, and corruption. In addition, the contested election of 2007 led to severe ethnic strife that tested its political stability, leading to a new constitution in 2010. This unique survey by a leading expert on the region provides a critical analysis of the socio-economic development in Kenya from a political economy perspective. It highlights Kenya's transition from being a centralized state to having a clear separation of powers and analyzes key issues such as economic growth, urbanization, corruption, and reform. The book identifies Kenya's key socio-development problems and offers solutions to improve both governance and economic performance, making it an essential resource to researchers, academics, and policy makers working on development issues and African politics.

Download Making Do  Innovation in Kenya s Informal Economy PDF
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Publisher : Analogue Digital
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Pages : pages
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Download or read book Making Do Innovation in Kenya s Informal Economy written by and published by Analogue Digital. This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download A Measure of Fairness PDF
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Publisher : Cornell University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781501729522
Pages : 312 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (17 users)
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Download or read book A Measure of Fairness written by Robert Pollin and published by Cornell University Press. This book was released on 2018-07-05 with total page 312 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In early 2007, there were approximately 140 living wage ordinances in place throughout the United States. Communities around the country frequently debate new proposals of this sort. Additionally, as a result of ballot initiatives, twenty-nine states and the District of Columbia, representing nearly 70 percent of the total U.S. population, maintain minimum wage standards above those set by the federal minimum wage. In A Measure of Fairness, Robert Pollin, Mark Brenner, Jeannette Wicks-Lim, and Stephanie Luce assess how well living wage and minimum wage regulations in the United States serve the workers they are intended to help. Opponents of such measures assert that when faced with mandated increases in labor costs, businesses will either lay off workers, hire fewer low-wage employees in the future, replace low-credentialed workers with those having better qualifications or, finally, even relocate to avoid facing the increased costs being imposed on them. The authors give an overview of living wage and minimum wage implementation in Louisiana, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Massachusetts, and Connecticut to show how these policies play out in the paychecks of workers, in the halls of legislature, and in business ledgers. Based on a decade of research, this volume concludes that living wage laws and minimum wage increases have been effective policy interventions capable of bringing significant, if modest, benefits to the people they were intended to help.