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Download Italian National Identity in the Scramble for Africa PDF
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Publisher : Peter Lang
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ISBN 10 : 303911803X
Pages : 348 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (18 users)
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Download or read book Italian National Identity in the Scramble for Africa written by Giuseppe Maria Finaldi and published by Peter Lang. This book was released on 2009 with total page 348 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Italy's First African War (1880-1896) pitted a young and ambitious European nation against the ancient Empire of Ethiopia. The Least of Europe's Great Powers rashly assailed Africa's most formidable military power. The outcome was humiliating defeat for Italy and the survival, uniquely for any African nation in the years of the European Scramble for that continent, of Ethiopian independence. Notwithstanding Italy's disastrous first experience in the colonial fray, this book argues that the impact of the war went well beyond the battlefields of the Ethiopian highlands and reached into the minds of the Italian people at home. Through a detailed and exhaustive study of Italian popular culture, this book asks how far the First African War impacted on the Italian nation-building project and how far Italians were themselves changed by undergoing the experience of war and defeat in East Africa. Finaldi argues, for the first time in historiography on the subject, that there was substantial support for and awareness of Italy's military campaign and that 'Empire', as has come to be regarded as fundamental in the histories of other European countries, needs to be brought firmly into the mainstream of Italian national history. This book is an essential contribution to debates on the relationship between European national identity and culture and imperialism in the late 19th century.

Download Italy s Sea PDF
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Publisher : Transnational Italian Cultures
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ISBN 10 : 9781800348004
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (3 users)
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Download or read book Italy s Sea written by Valerie McGuire and published by Transnational Italian Cultures. This book was released on 2020-11-30 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: For much of the twentieth century the Mediterranean was a colonized sea. Italy's Sea: Empire and Nation in the Mediterranean (1895-1945) reintegrates Italy, one of the least studied imperial states, into the history of European colonialism. It takes a critical approach to the concept of the Mediterranean in the period of Italian expansion and examines how within and through the Mediterranean Italians navigated issues of race, nation and migration troubling them at home as well as transnational questions about sovereignty, identity, and national belonging created by the decline and collapse of the Ottoman empire in North Africa, the Balkans, and the eastern Mediterranean, or Levant. While most studies of Italian colonialism center on the encounter in Africa, Italy's Sea describes another set of colonial identities that accrued in and around the Aegean region of the Mediterranean, ones linked not to resettlement projects or to the rhetoric of reclaiming Roman empire, but to cosmopolitan imaginaries of Magna Graecia, the medieval Christian crusades, the Venetian and Genoese maritime empires, and finally, of religious diversity and transnational Levantine Jewish communities that could help render cultural and political connections between the Italian nation at home and the overseas empire in the Mediterranean. Using postcolonial critique to interpret local archival and oral sources as well as Italian colonial literature, film, architecture, and urban planning, the book brings to life a history of mediterraneita or Mediterraneanness in Italian culture, one with both liberal and fascist associations, and enriches our understanding of how contemporary Italy-as well as Greece-may imagine their relationships to Europe and the Mediterranean today. --

Download Italians in Africa and the Japanese in South East Asia PDF
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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN 10 : 9783110757903
Pages : 432 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (17 users)
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Download or read book Italians in Africa and the Japanese in South East Asia written by Nikolaos Mavropoulos and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2022-08-22 with total page 432 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The comparison of early Italy’s and Japan’s colonialism is without precedence. The majority of studies on Italian and Japanese expansion refer to the 1930–1940s period (fascist/totalitarian era) when Japan annexed Manchuria (1931) and Italy Ethiopia (1936). The first formative and crucial steps that paved the way for this expansion have been neglected. This analysis covers a range of social, political and economic parameters illuminating the diversity but also the common ground of the nature and aspirations of Japan's and Italy's early colonial systems. The two states alongside the Great Powers of the era expanded in the name of humanism and civilization but in reality in a way typically imperialistic, they sought territorial compensations, financial privileges and prestige. A parallel and deeper understanding of the nineteenth century socio-cultural-psychological parameters, such as tradition, mentality, and religion that shaped and explain the later ideological framework of Rome's and Tōkyō's expansionist disposition, has never been attempted before. This monograph offers a detailed examination of the phenomenon of colonialism by examining the issue from two different angles. The study contributes to the understanding of Italy's and Japan's early imperial expansion. In addition, it traces the origins of these states' similar and common historical evolution in late nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century.

Download A History of Italian Colonialism  1860   1907 PDF
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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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ISBN 10 : 9781315520247
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (155 users)
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Download or read book A History of Italian Colonialism 1860 1907 written by Giuseppe Finaldi and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2016-11-10 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a narrative history of Italian colonialism from Italian unification in the 1860s to the first decade of the twentieth century; that is, it details Italy’s imperialism in the years of the Scramble for Africa. It deals with the factors that drove Italy to search for territory in Africa in the 1870s and 1880s and describes the reasoning behind the trajectories adopted and objectives pursued. The events that brought Italy to open conflict with the Ethiopian Empire culminating in the Italian defeat at Adowa in March 1896 are central to the book. However its scope is much broader, as it considers the establishment of Italian power in Eritrea as well as Somalia before and after the defeat. By telling its history, it explains why Italy emerged irresolute and humiliated in this, its first thrust into Africa, yet nonetheless determined to pursue expansion in the future. The seeds for the conquest of Libya in 1911 and Ethiopia in 1935 had been sown.

Download Fascism in Italian Cinema since 1945 PDF
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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9781137316622
Pages : 262 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (373 users)
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Download or read book Fascism in Italian Cinema since 1945 written by G. Lichtner and published by Springer. This book was released on 2013-05-29 with total page 262 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: From neorealism's resolve to Berlusconian revisionist melodramas, this book examines cinema's role in constructing memories of Fascist Italy. Italian cinema has both reflected and shaped popular perceptions of Fascism, reinforcing or challenging stereotypes, remembering selectively and silently forgetting the most shameful pages of Italy's history.

Download Late Nineteenth Century Italy in Africa PDF
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Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781443878555
Pages : 197 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (438 users)
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Download or read book Late Nineteenth Century Italy in Africa written by Stephen C. Bruner and published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing. This book was released on 2017-03-07 with total page 197 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: “Civilizing Africa” – bringing European institutions and society to Africa – was a common rationale for nineteenth-century European expansions into that continent. However, in March 1891 a news correspondent accused officials in Italy’s Red Sea colony of having ordered, without trial, the secret and brutal killing of certain indigenous notables. A scandal erupted because the news contradicted civilizing expectations, portraying Italians rather than Africans as the barbarians. The press drove a public debate over the accusations, but the debate ultimately led to an unanticipated reversal: public acceptance of the killings, because most Italians no longer considered European standards applicable to Africans. Reportage on three topics turned out to be most influential in shifting the public outlook: an Italo-Abyssinian diplomatic impasse, an on-going Africa famine, and the public persona of a colonial commander. Historians have read the 1891 affair as an inconsequential, essentially minor event in the run-up to the 1896 battle of Adua (Adwa), Italy’s defeat by African forces that some have called an event of world-historical consequence. Yet the Livraghi affair re-shaped the Italian outlook on colonialism, opening the door to the later Italo-Abyssinian conflict and an event like Adua. The affair was so important to contemporary Italians that it occupied public attention for ten months, and influenced attitudes and colonial policy for decades. It prompted an enduring change without which there might have been no Adua.

Download Religion as Resistance PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780190673796
Pages : 244 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (96 users)
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Download or read book Religion as Resistance written by Eileen Ryan and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018 with total page 244 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "This book examines debates over the best methods for colonial rule in Italian Libya as a self-reflexive process that tell us more about the contentious connection between religious and political authority in Italy than about Muslim North Africa"--

Download Italy in the Modern World PDF
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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781350005204
Pages : 344 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (5 users)
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Download or read book Italy in the Modern World written by Linda Reeder and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2019-12-12 with total page 344 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Providing a comprehensive history of Italy from around 1800 to the present, Italy in the Modern World traces the social and cultural transformations that defined the lives of Italians during the 19th and 20th century. The book focuses on how social relations (class, gender and race), science and the arts shaped the political processes of unification, state building, fascism and the postwar world. Split up into four parts covering the making of Italy, the liberal state, war and fascism, and the republic, the text draws on secondary literature and primary sources in order to synthesize current historiographical debates and provide primary documents for classroom use. There are individual chapters on key topics, such as unification, Italians in the world, Italy in the world, science and the arts, fascism, the World Wars, the Cold War, and Italy in the 21st century, as well as a wealth of useful features for students, including: * Comprehensive bibliographic essays covering each of the four parts. * 23 images and 12 maps Italy in the Modern World also firmly places both the nation and its people in a wider global context through a distinctly transnational approach. It is essential reading for all students of modern Italian history.

Download The Italian Empire and the Great War PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780198822943
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (988 users)
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Download or read book The Italian Empire and the Great War written by Vanda Wilcox and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2021-06-24 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A volume which brings an imperial and colonial perspective to the Italian experience of the First World War. Vanda Wilcox explores how the Italian empire was conceived both in conventional terms as a system of colonies under Italian sovereignty, and as an informal global empire of emigrants; both were mobilised in support of the war.

Download Italy and the Military PDF
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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 10 : 9783030571610
Pages : 395 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (35 users)
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Download or read book Italy and the Military written by Mattia Roveri and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-12-22 with total page 395 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book sheds new light on the role of the military in Italian society and culture during war and peacetime by bringing together a whole host of contributors across the interdisciplinary spectrum of Italian Studies. Divided into five thematic units, this volume examines the continuous and multifaceted impact of the military on modern and contemporary Italy. The Italian context offers a particularly fertile ground for studying the cultural impact of the military because the institution was used not only for defensive/offensive purposes, but also to unify the country and to spread ideas of socio-cultural and technological development across its diverse population.

Download The Encyclopedia of War  5 Volume Set PDF
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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 10 : 9781405190374
Pages : 2944 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (51 users)
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Download or read book The Encyclopedia of War 5 Volume Set written by Gordon Martel and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2012-01-17 with total page 2944 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This ground-breaking 5-volume reference is a comprehensive print and electronic resource covering the history of warfare from ancient times to the present day, across the entire globe. Arranged in A-Z format, the Encyclopedia provides an overview of the most important events, people, and terms associated with warfare - from the Punic Wars to the Mongol conquest of China, and the War on Terror; from the Ottoman Sultan, Suleiman ‘the Magnificent’, to the Soviet Military Commander, Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov; and from the crossbow to chemical warfare. Individual entries range from 1,000 to 6,000 words with the longer, essay-style contributions giving a detailed analysis of key developments and ideas. Drawing on an experienced and internationally diverse editorial board, the Encyclopedia is the first to offer readers at all levels an extensive reference work based on the best and most recent scholarly research. The online platform further provides interactive cross-referencing links and powerful searching and browsing capabilities within the work and across Wiley-Blackwell’s comprehensive online reference collection. Learn more at www.encyclopediaofwar.com. Selected by Choice as a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title Recipient of a 2012 PROSE Award honorable mention

Download Humanitarian Imperialism PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
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ISBN 10 : 9780198733034
Pages : 243 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (987 users)
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Download or read book Humanitarian Imperialism written by Amalia Ribi Forclaz and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2015 with total page 243 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Humanitarian Imperialism follows the trajectories of late nineteenth century philanthropic organizations in Britain, Italy, France, and Switzerland that targeted the widespread existence of slavery in Africa. The history of these organisations, which can be viewed as predecessors of today's NGOs, illuminates the imperial roots of humanitarian aid in Africa. It shows how private actors contributed to the formulation of humanitarian conventions that arestill in use today. It also reveals the close connections that existed between humanitarian efforts and both liberal and Fascist imperial politics in this period. By combining historical records from variouscountries, Humanitarian Imperialism illustrates the shifts and continuities in the long history of slavery and abolition, the international history of humanitarian institutions, as well as the history of European imperialism in Africa.

Download The Colonial Past in History Textbooks PDF
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Publisher : IAP
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ISBN 10 : 9781641131940
Pages : 297 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (411 users)
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Download or read book The Colonial Past in History Textbooks written by Karel Van Nieuwenhuyse and published by IAP. This book was released on 2018-05-01 with total page 297 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the evolving representations of the colonial past from the mid-19th century up to decolonization in the 1960s and 70s ? the so-called era of Modern Imperialism – in post-war history textbooks from across the world. The aim of the book is to examine the evolving outlook of colonial representations in history education and the underpinning explanations for the specific outlook in different – former colonizer and colonized – countries (to be found in collective memory, popular historical culture, social representations, identity-building processes, and the state of historical knowledge within academia). The approach of the book is novel and innovative in different ways. First of all, given the complexity of the research, an original interdisciplinary approach has been implemented, which brings together historians, history educators and social psychologists to examine representations of colonialism in history education in different countries around the world while drawing on different theoretical frameworks. Secondly, given the interest in the interplay between collective memory, popular historical culture, social representations, and the state of historical knowledge within academia, a diachronic approach is implemented, examining the evolving representations of the colonial past, and connecting them to developments within society at large and academia. This will allow for a deeper understanding of the processes under examination. Thirdly, studies from various corners of the world are included in the book. More specifically, the project includes research from three categories of countries: former colonizer countries – including England, Spain, Italy, France, Portugal and Belgium –, countries having been both colonized and colonizer – Chile – and former colonized countries, including Zimbabwe, Malta and Mozambique. This selection allows pairing up the countries under review as former colonizing-colonized ones (for instance Portugal-Mozambique, United Kingdom-Malta), allowing for an in-depth comparison between the countries involved. Before reaching the research core, three introductory chapters outline three general issues. The book starts with addressing the different approaches and epistemological underpinnings history and social psychology as academic disciplines hold. In a second chapter, evolutions within international academic colonial historiography are analyzed, with a special focus on the recent development of New Imperial History. A third chapter analyses history textbooks as cultural tools and political means of transmitting historical knowledge and representations across generations. The next ten chapters form the core of the book, in which evolving representations of colonial history (from mid-19th century until decolonization in the 1960s and 1970s) are examined, explained and reflected upon, for the above mentioned countries. This is done through a history textbook analysis in a diachronic perspective. For some countries the analysis dates back to textbooks published after the Second World War; for other countries the focus will be more limited in time. The research presented is done by historians and history educators, as well as by social psychologists. In a concluding chapter, an overall overview is presented, in which similarities and differences throughout the case studies are identified, interpreted and reflected upon.

Download Global Perspectives in Modern Italian Culture PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781000423297
Pages : 332 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (4 users)
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Download or read book Global Perspectives in Modern Italian Culture written by Guido Abbattista and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-09-23 with total page 332 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Global Perspectives in Modern Italian Culture presents a series of unexplored case studies from the sixteenth to the twentieth century, each demonstrating how travellers, scientists, Catholic missionaries, scholars and diplomats coming from the Italian peninsula contributed to understandings of various global issues during the age of early globalization. It also examines how these individuals represented different parts of the world to an Italian audience, and how deeply Italian culture drew inspiration from the increasing knowledge of world ‘Otherness’. The first part of the book focuses on the production of knowledge, drawing on texts written by philosophers, scientists, historians and numerous other first-hand eyewitnesses. The second part analyses the dissemination and popularization of knowledge by focussing on previously understudied published works and initiatives aimed at learned Italian readers and the general public. Written in a lively and engaging manner, this book will appeal to scholars and students of early modern and modern European history, as well as those interested in global history.

Download The Antiquity of the Italian Nation PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780199662319
Pages : 266 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (996 users)
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Download or read book The Antiquity of the Italian Nation written by Antonino De Francesco and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2013-10 with total page 266 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the political uses of Italy's antique past in the early nineteenth century, tracing how anti-romanism was transformed into a pillar of the nation-building process. It demonstrates the pivotal role played by this ancient heritage in the formation of modern Italian national identity.

Download The Italian War on the Eastern Front  1941   1943 PDF
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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 10 : 9783030265243
Pages : 365 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (32 users)
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Download or read book The Italian War on the Eastern Front 1941 1943 written by Bastian Matteo Scianna and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2019-09-09 with total page 365 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Italian Army’s participation in Hitler’s war against the Soviet Union has remained unrecognized and understudied. Bastian Matteo Scianna offers a wide-ranging, in-depth corrective. Mining Italian, German and Russian sources, he examines the history of the Italian campaign in the East between 1941 and 1943, as well as how the campaign was remembered and memorialized in the domestic and international arena during the Cold War. Linking operational military history with memory studies, this book revises our understanding of the Italian Army in the Second World War.

Download Memories of Post Imperial Nations PDF
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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781107102293
Pages : 217 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (71 users)
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Download or read book Memories of Post Imperial Nations written by Dietmar Rothermund and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2015-05-31 with total page 217 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a holistic yet disparate account of various nations after their decolonisation, critically looking at the universal theme of memory.