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Download or read book Mastering the Risky Business of Public Private Partnerships in Infrastructure written by Manal Fouad and published by International Monetary Fund. This book was released on 2021-05-10 with total page 61 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Investment in infrastructure can be a driving force of the economic recovery in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic in the context of shrinking fiscal space. Public-private partnerships (PPP) bring a promise of efficiency when carefully designed and managed, to avoid creating unnecessary fiscal risks. But fiscal illusions prevent an understanding the sources of fiscal risks, which arise in all infrastructure projects, and that in PPPs present specific characteristics that need to be addressed. PPP contracts are also affected by implicit fiscal risks when they are poorly designed, particularly when a government signs a PPP contract for a project with no financial sustainability. This paper reviews the advantages and inconveniences of PPPs, discusses the fiscal illusions affecting them, identifies a diversity of fiscal risks, and presents the essentials of PPP fiscal risk management.
Download or read book An Infrastructure Governance Approach to Fiscal Management in State Owned Enterprises and Public Private Partnerships written by Asian Development Bank and published by Asian Development Bank. This book was released on 2022-11-01 with total page 87 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This report identifies key governance challenges in the management of fiscal risks and contingent liabilities in Asia and the Pacific arising from public investments through public–private partnerships and state-owned enterprises. It highlights the importance of investment in quality infrastructure to overcome the trilemma of the overall infrastructure investment gap, limited fiscal space, and increasing debt. It shows that such investments need to be efficient—that is, they need to provide the right infrastructure delivering maximum economic benefits at the lowest cost. The report sets out practical insights as a resource for decision-makers.
Download or read book Climate Change and Chronic Food Insecurity in Sub Saharan Africa written by Diogo Miguel Salgado Baptista and published by International Monetary Fund. This book was released on 2022-09-15 with total page 48 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Climate change is intensifying food insecurity across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with lasting adverse macroeconomic effects, especially on economic growth and poverty. Successive shocks from the war in Ukraine and COVID-19 pandemic have increased food prices and depressed incomes, raising the number of people suffering from high malnutrition and unable to meet basic food consumption needs by at least 30 percent to 123 million in 2022 or 12 percent of SSA’s population. Addressing the lack of resilience to climate change—that critically underlies food insecurity in SSA—will require careful policy prioritization against a backdrop of financing and capacity constraints. This paper presents some key considerations and examples of tradeoffs and complementarities across policies to address food insecurity. Key findings include (1) Fiscal policies focused on social assistance and efficient public infrastructure investment can improve poorer households’ access to affordable food, facilitate expansion of climate-resilient and green agricultural production, and support quicker recovery from adverse climate events; (2) Improving access to finance is key to stepping up private investment in agricultural resilience and productivity as well as improving the earning capacity and food purchasing power of poorer rural and urban households; and (3) Greater regional trade integration, complemented with resilient transport infrastructure, enables sales of one country’s bumper harvests to its neighbors’ facing shortages. The international community can help with financial assistance—especially for the above-mentioned social assistance and key infrastructure areas—capacity development, and facilitating transfers of technology and know-how.
Download or read book Regional Economic Outlook October 2021 Western Hemisphere A Long and Winding Road to Recovery written by INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND. and published by International Monetary Fund. This book was released on 2021-10-21 with total page 51 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An economic recovery is underway in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) but the pandemic still casts shadows on much of the region. The recovery was robust in the first quarter of 2021 but lost momentum in some countries in the second quarter, reflecting the rebound in COVID-19 cases. Real GDP is projected to grow by 6.3 percent in 2021, followed by a more moderate growth of 3 percent in 2022, but would not catch up with pre-pandemic trends in the medium term as persistent weakness in labor markets raises risks of scarring. Broadly favorable external conditions, high commodity prices, and pent-up demand support short-term growth, while monetary and fiscal policy reversals work in the other direction. Risks to the outlook are tilted downward. Main downside risks are the emergence of more transmissible and deadlier COVID-19 variants, tightening of global financial conditions, sovereign debt rollover risks, and social unrest as a year with heavy election schedule looms. Fiscal policy should allocate sufficient resources for health spending, including vaccination, and continue to support households and firms in a more targeted fashion while the pandemic persists, backed by credible assurances of medium-term debt sustainability to maintain access to finance. Monetary policy has started to address inflationary pressures but should continue to support economic activity insofar as the dynamics of inflation expectations permit. If rising inflation threatens to de-anchor inflation expectations, central banks should tighten monetary policy to signal a commitment to inflation targets and avoid persistent increases in inflation. Preemptive and decisive action should be accompanied with clear and transparent communication. Financial policy should shift from blanket support to targeted support of viable firms, to ensure that necessary labor and capital reallocations are not hindered. Supply-side policies should foster inclusive growth, including through progressive and growth-friendly tax reforms and measures to intensify climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Download or read book Handbook of Contemporary Research on Emerging Markets written by Hemant Merchant and published by Edward Elgar Publishing. This book was released on 2016-03-25 with total page 416 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Handbook brings together leading scholars in international business as well as other disciplines to contribute state-of-the-art thinking on emerging markets. The volume extends theoretical and conceptual thinking, looks at operational practices and their implications and provides a research agenda to move the field forward. Contributors include a mix of new and established authors from around the world, for a diverse and current set of scholarly perspectives on emerging markets. Combining academic and operationally focused chapters, they offer a multifaceted, in-depth look at specific geographies and functional areas to enrich our understanding of emerging markets. This energetic and varied look at a burgeoning field will be an invaluable resource for academics and for students at the post-doctoral, PhD and MBA levels.
Download or read book Mastering Digital Transformation written by Nagy K. Hanna and published by Emerald Group Publishing. This book was released on 2016-01-06 with total page 432 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Nagy Hanna presents a systematic approach to integrate ICT into development policies and programs across sectors of economy and society. This book bridges the current disconnect between the ICT specialists and their development counterparts in various sectors so as to harness the ongoing ICT revolution to maximize development impact.
Download or read book Public Private Partnerships in Emerging Economies written by Augustine Edobor Arimoro and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-10-30 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Over the years, a shortage of funds has resulted in a huge deficit in government budgets for infrastructure, especially in developing economies. It is no longer feasible for governments to bear the entire burden of funding public infrastructure. Given that an inadequate supply of public infrastructure poses a challenge for the economic development of any country, partnerships with the private sector to fund public infrastructure procurement has started to be relied on as an alternative to traditional public procurement. Public-Private Partnerships are an arrangement that allow private entities to fund, design, manage and operate public infrastructure for a term in exchange for the payment of tolls by users or the government may well be the solution to the infrastructure crisis in many developing economies. This book examines the role of law in the adoption, implementation and regulation of Public-Private Partnership in selected developing economies including Brazil, India, Nigeria and South Africa to address how to deal with overlapping laws and how the law can protect assets invested in PPP in order to attract private sector interests in infrastructure financing in developing market, showing how law can be used to create, sustain and promote PPP frameworks that take into account local circumstances in developing economies.
Download or read book The Challenge of Public private Partnerships written by Graeme A. Hodge and published by Edward Elgar Publishing. This book was released on 2005-01-01 with total page 374 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Análise comparativa sobre parceria público privada e contrato de serviço social nos seguintes locais: Reino Unido, Estados Unidos, Suécia, Dinamarca, Alemanha, Austrália, Ásia.
Download or read book Bringing PPPs into the Sunlight written by Marcos Siqueira and published by Inter-American Development Bank. This book was released on 2018-08-03 with total page 181 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This publication covers PPPs with a focus on the implications for public finances in developing economies. Chapter 1 seeks to answer the question of whether PPPs are the “genie in the bottle” for governments seeking to plug the infrastructure gap: do they solve more problems than they create? This discussion lays the groundwork for further analysis. Chapter 2 explores the underlying reasons for the expansion of PPPs, the definitions and scope of PPPs in different contexts, and the historical trajectory of PPPs throughout the world, highlighting the common factors that have led to their current popularity. Chapter 3 details the multitude of institutional frameworks built to accommodate PPPs. It highlights the frameworks for national and subnational entities commissioning PPPs and deals with the involvement of state-owned enterprises. It also introduces fiscal frameworks for PPPs. Chapter 4 considers the fiscal and budgetary implications of PPPs from various perspectives. Chapter 5 covers the multiple forms of government financial support extended to PPPs and the practical implications of various countries’ experiences with direct, indirect, explicit, and implicit forms of project support. Finally, Chapter 6 discusses unsolicited PPP proposals coming directly from private-sector firms that hope to service them. The publication concludes with a brief summation of the outlook for PPPs as well as concise policy recommendations.
Download or read book Financial Issues in Emerging Economies written by Rita Biswas and published by Emerald Group Publishing. This book was released on 2020-11-10 with total page 370 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This special issue focuses on a gamut of topics ranging from monetary policy to corporate governance in emerging economies. Of the eleven papers it includes, five were selected from the II International Conference on Economics and Finance (ICEF-II) in Bengaluru, India.
Download or read book Strategic Issues in Public Private Partnerships written by Mirjam Bult-Spiering and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2008-04-15 with total page 219 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Bult-Spiering & Dewulf: Strategic Issues in PPP: Back CoverText - draft This book provides a theoretical basis for examining public-privatepartnerships (PPP) so as to give researchers a better understandingof PPP and to develop a more strategic approach to thesubject. It analyses the various characteristics and approaches of PPP,drawing on a number of international studies, particularly fromEurope and the USA, and it provides a thorough review of theliterature. It looks, in particular, at two main PPP procurementsystems: concessions and joint ventures. The Authors Mirjam Bult-Spiering is assistant professor Public-PrivateGovernance of the Department Construction Management &Engineering at the University of Twente, The Netherlands. Geert Dewulf is professor of Planning & Development of theDepartment Construction Management & Engineering at theUniversity of Twente, The Netherlands. Also of Interest Public-Private Partnerships - Managing Risks and Opportunities Edited by Akintola Akintoye Matthias Beck & Cliff Hardcastle 0-632-06465-X Value and Risk Management - A Guide to Best Practice Michael F. Dallas Published on behalf of the Chartered Institute of Building 1-4051-2069-X Cover illustrations courtesy of George Jautze, ING Real EstateGeneral Management (Nijmegen-Marienburg) and Erik Hermsen, StruktonIntegrale Projecten (Montaigne) Cover design by Simon Witter
Download or read book Public Private Partnerships in Infrastructure written by Kumar V. Pratap and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-01-09 with total page 382 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The book provides readers with a clear understanding of infrastructure challenges, how Public‐Private Partnerships (PPP) can help, and their use in practice. Infrastructure bottlenecks are generally considered the most important constraint to growth in many countries worldwide. Historically, infrastructure projects have been financed and implemented by the state. However, owing to the fiscal resource crunch, time and cost over‐runs, and the general poor quality of publicly provided infrastructure, many emerging market governments, including India, have increasingly adopted PPPs with billions of dollars of investment riding on them. The results have been varied – from spectacular airports like the Delhi International Airport Limited with the associated controversy over land use, to the renegotiation of contracts as in the case of Tata Mundra Ultra Mega Power Project. Illustrating concepts with relevant case studies, the book makes the challenges of PPPs understandable to industry and management practitioners as well as students of management, public policy and economics. It is useful to practitioners wishing to avoid the pitfalls in the tricky terrain of PPPs and policymakers wanting guidance in crafting proper incentives. It also helps students gain a holistic and “applied” understanding of this increasingly important and popular model. “Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in India are currently under stress. A comprehensive treatment of the subject by a long-time and erudite practitioner and a management academic, this book should be useful to students trying to learn the basics, while also being valuable to professionals and policy makers. The book suggests that the Government should hold bidders accountable to their submitted bids, thereby preserving sanctity of contract. This will discourage aggressive bidding which has become a serious and endemic problem. The book also suggests the use of better bidding criteria to mitigate traffic risk in transport projects. Policy makers should pay heed to these suggestions as they consider improvements in the PPP policy regime going forward.”—Arvind Subramanian, Chief Economic Adviser, India/div “For a fast-growing India, infrastructure creation and operation is a great challenge and opportunity. This excellent book combines theory and practice on PPPs, and is very useful for professionals and students alike. With case studies and current developments, the authors bring out issues in India with global experiences as well. A must-read for infrastructure practitioners.”—Shailesh Pathak, Chief Executive (Designate), L&T Infrastructure Development Projects Limited “India’s program of private participation in infrastructure attracted worldwide attention as it became one of the largest programs in emerging markets. As well as the volumes of finance mobilized, it garnered interest because of some of the innovative approaches developed, such as Viability Gap Funding. The Indian PPP story is well captured in this book, which also makes the point that India is seeing project cancellations and failures rise. The authors analyze the factors behind this and point the way to a more robust PPP market that learns from the experiences of the past.”—Clive Harris, Practice Manager, Public-Private Partnerships, World Bank/div
Download or read book Unlocking Africa s Business Potential written by Landry Signé and published by Brookings Institution Press. This book was released on 2020-04-07 with total page 361 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Africa welcomes business investment and offers some of the world’s highest returns and impacts Africa has tremendous economic potential and offers rewarding opportunities for global businesses looking for new markets and long-term investments with favorable returns. Africa has been one of the world’s fastest-growing regions over the past decade, and by 2030 will be home to nearly 1.7 billion people and an estimated $6.7 trillion worth of consumer and business spending. Increased political stability in recent years and improving regional integration are making market access easier, and business expansion will generate jobs for women and youth, who represent the vast majority of the population. Current economic growth and poverty-alleviation efforts mean that more than 43 percent of the continent’s people will reach middle- or upper-class status by 2030. Unlocking Africa’s Business Potential examines business opportunities in the eight sectors with the highest potential returns on private investment—the same sectors that will foster economic growth and diversification, job creation, and improved general welfare. These sectors include: consumer markets, agriculture and agriprocessing, information and communication technology, manufacturing, oil and gas, tourism, banking, and infrastructure and construction. The book’s analysis of these sectors is based on case studies that identify specific opportunities for investment and growth, along with long-term market projections to inform decision-making. The book identifies potential risks to business and offers mitigation strategies. It also provides policymakers with solutions to attract new business investments, including how to remove barriers to business and accelerate development of the private sector.
Download or read book Risk Management Strategies in Public Private Partnerships written by Obicci, Peter Adoko and published by IGI Global. This book was released on 2017-03-03 with total page 363 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Governments around the globe are facing a new framework of service delivery as public-private partnerships become more prevalent. Characterized as an innovative tool for change, this area of socio-economic development is transforming the world economy. Risk Management Strategies in Public-Private Partnerships is an essential reference source for the latest scholarly research on recent developments on the relationships between public agencies and private sectors, and frameworks for effectively managing risk factors. Featuring extensive coverage on a wide variety of topics and perspectives such as service delivery, sustainability, and contractual design, this publication is ideally designed for policy makers, students, and professionals seeking current research on ways to manage problems and challenges in contractual partnerships.
Download or read book Public Private Partnerships in Nigeria written by George Nwangwu and published by Springer. This book was released on 2016-05-03 with total page 260 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This first major book on Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) in Nigeria explores the legal, policy and strategic issues involved in the structuring and execution of PPP projects in Nigeria. The book goes beyond the toolkit approach of other available resources to blend the theoretical analysis of concepts with practical step-by-step guides for consummating projects. The book adopts a multidisciplinary approach by integrating law, economics, finance and project management literature, relying on the author’s extensive experience in the field to give clear insights on the PPP concept. The case study methodology employed in the book produces rich and compelling empirical results. This book is suitable for beginners wishing to develop an understanding of the concept, as well as practitioners advising on PPPs. Students and academics wishing to carry out further research on PPPs will also benefit from the book.
Download or read book Islamic Finance and Sustainable Development written by M. Kabir Hassan and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-08-13 with total page 386 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The book is a collection of chapters discussing the Sustainable Development Goals in the broader context of Islamic finance along with mapping the SDGs with Maqasid Al-Shariah. It provides a framework for both Muslim and non-Muslim countries to develop a sustainable economy which encompasses not only the concept of the welfare state but also supports development-related activities, ensures financial inclusion through equal distribution of wealth and alleviation of poverty, and protects the overall environmental and ecological system. More specifically, this book explores various aspects of Islamic finance in relation to parameters of SDGs; restructuring of Islamic finance and connecting its dots in the light of SDGs; Islamic perspective on ESG and ecological quality; interest-free tools and modernization of Islamic financial institutions for sustainable development and economic stability; and the role of Islamic finance in infrastructure-related development activities. Consistent with the view that SDGs are embedded within the theme of Islamic finance, this book is specifically designed to meet the needs of key regulatory institutions, academic scholars, and industry practitioners both in the field of Islamic finance and sustainable finance.
Download or read book Exploring Public Private Partnerships in Singapore written by Soojin Kim and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-12-17 with total page 98 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book looks at what drives effective management of public-private partnerships (PPPs). It examines widely cited Singaporean cases pertaining to successful PPPs as well as those in failure (and subsequently contracted back in the public-sector provision) in diverse areas of public service, such as water services, educational services, trade and logistical data services, residential services, acquisition and maintenance of military systems, research and development services, infrastructure, and sport services. The book begins each case with an overview (e.g., project goals (motivators), types of PPPs, stakeholders, time period, assigned budget, and capital planning) and then specifically discusses critical success factors and/or risk factors pertaining to the decisions to proceed with ongoing PPPs or to return to self-operation (in-house public production) of services later, respectively. The book concludes with a discussion of lessons learned from Singaporean cases and contexts of PPPs and suggests more feasible strategies and conditions toward successful collaborative governance between public agencies and private counterparts for the new century. This book will appeal especially to public policymakers.