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Download Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance  Approaches  Issues  and Challenges to Overcome PDF
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Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
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ISBN 10 : 9782889451418
Pages : 421 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (894 users)
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Download or read book Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance Approaches Issues and Challenges to Overcome written by Gilberto Igrejas and published by Frontiers Media SA. This book was released on 2017-03-29 with total page 421 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Why Antibiotic Resistance? The use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine may have consequences beyond their intended applications. The “One Health” concept recognizes that the health of humans is connected to the health of animals and the environment. Progress in molecular genetics is facilitating the rapid evaluation of the essentiality of these targets on a genomic scale. In 2015, a group of researchers established the International Conference on Antibiotic Resistance (IC2AR).The primary objective of this meeting is to bring together scientists involved in antibiotic resistance prevention and control. The IC2AR conducted its inaugural world congress in January 2015 at Caparica (Portugal). Antimicrobial resistance presents a significant challenge to scientists in the field of infectious diseases. The full knowledge of how antibiotics resistance is evolving and being transmitted between hosts in different ecosystems is taking on great importance. Necessary action includes research to define the scope of the problem including its various sources. This eBook comprises a series of original research and review articles dealing with the epidemiology of resistance in animal and zoonotic pathogens, mobile elements containing resistance genes, the omics of antimicrobial resistance, emerging antimicrobial resistance mechanisms, control of resistant infections, establishing antimicrobial use and resistance surveillance systems, and alternatives strategies to overcome the problem of antimicrobial resistance worldwide. Gilberto Igrejas, José Luis Capelo and Patrícia Poeta Scientific Committee of IC2AR, February 20th, 2017

Download Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance  The New Complexity of the Problem PDF
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Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
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ISBN 10 : 9782889633807
Pages : 718 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (896 users)
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Download or read book Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance The New Complexity of the Problem written by Gilberto Igrejas and published by Frontiers Media SA. This book was released on 2020-07-10 with total page 718 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In January of 2015, under the 1st International Caparica Conference in Antibiotic Resistance, a Research Topic entitled: “Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance: Approaches, Issues, and Challenges to overcome”, was published (http://journal.frontiersin.org/researchtopic/3763/surveying-antimicrobial-resistanceapproaches- issues-and-challenges-to-overcome). The problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), caused by excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics, is a public health issue that concerns us all. The introduction of penicillin in the 1940s, the start of the antibiotics era, has been recognized as one of the greatest advances in therapeutic medicine. However, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), AMR infections are now an increasing worldwide public health threat and a post-antibiotic era is imminent, where common infections and minor injuries could be fatal. AMR is a typical ‘One Health’ problem, in which livestock animals and the environment constitute AMR reservoirs and transmission routes to and from the human population. Without effective antimicrobials to counter and prevent infections, other major achievements in modern medicine, such as organ transplantation, cancer chemotherapy and major surgery, risk being compromised. AMR infections in animals have negative outcomes on animal health, welfare, biosecurity and production. In 2006, the ban of growth promoting antibiotics highlighted antibiotic use in animal production as a risk factor in the development of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Bacteria can be transferred to humans via several routes; consumption of animal products, exposure through contact with animals, and the contamination of ground and surface waters by animal waste products. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that antimicrobial use in animals is reduced to a minimum, without compromising animal health and welfare. Mechanisms of bacterial antibiotic resistance are classified according to the types of antibiotic molecules or their targets in the cell. Environmental antibiotic-resistance genes are spread then acquired by clinically relevant microorganisms. Many resistance genes are conveyed into pathogen genomes via mobile genetic elements such as plasmids, transposons or integrons, increasing the propagation of potential resistant pathogens. Substantial progress has already been made in elucidating the basic regulatory networks that endow bacteria with their extraordinary capacity to adapt to a diversity of lifestyles and external stress factors. So how will we face bacteria in the future?

Download The Oxford Handbook of Polling and Survey Methods PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780190903824
Pages : 752 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (99 users)
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Download or read book The Oxford Handbook of Polling and Survey Methods written by Lonna Rae Atkeson and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-07-25 with total page 752 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The methodologies used to study public opinion are now in flux. The primary polling method of the last half-century, the telephone survey, is rapidly becoming obsolete as a data collection method. At the same time, new methods of contacting potential respondents and obtaining their response are appearing, providing a variety of options for scholars and practitioners. Generally speaking, we are moving from a polling world that was largely interviewer driven over the phone and face-to-face to predominantly interviewer driven self-administered poll environments, New methods of data collection, however, must still deal with fundamental questions to polling methodology and total survey error including sampling, selection bias, non-response error, poststratification weighting, and questionnaire design features. The Oxford Handbook on Polling and Survey Methods brings together a unique mixture of academics and practitioners, from various backgrounds, academic disciplines, and experiences. In some sense, this is reflective of the interdisciplinary nature of the polling and survey industry: polls and surveys are widely used in academia, government, and the private sector. Designing, implementing, and analyzing high quality, accurate, and cost-effective polls and surveys requires a combination of skills and methodological perspectives. Despite the well-publicized issues that have cropped up in recent political polling, a great deal is known today about how to collect high quality polling and survey data even in complex and difficult environments. Divided into four main sections, the Handbook draws on the existing research and explores data collection methods. It then addresses data analysis and the methods available for combining polling data with other types of data. The next section covers analytic issues, including the new approaches to studying public opinion (ie social media, the analysis of open-ended questions using text analytic tools, and data imputation). The final section focuses on the presentation of polling results, an area where there is a great deal of innovation. A comprehensive overview of the topic, this volume highlights current polling trends provides ideas for the development of new and better approaches for measuring, modeling, and visualizing public opinion and social behavior.

Download How to Overcome the Antibiotic Crisis PDF
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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9783319492841
Pages : 496 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (194 users)
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Download or read book How to Overcome the Antibiotic Crisis written by Marc Stadler and published by Springer. This book was released on 2016-12-21 with total page 496 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume focuses on antibiotics research, a field of topical significance for human health due to the worrying increase of nosocomial infections caused by multi-resistant bacteria. It covers several basic aspects, such as the evolution of antibiotic resistance and the influence of antibiotics on the gut microbiota, and addresses the search for novel pathogenicity blockers as well as historical aspects of antibiotics. Further topics include applied aspects, such as drug discovery based on biodiversity and genome mining, optimization of lead structures by medicinal chemistry, total synthesis and drug delivery technologies. Moreover, the development of vaccines as a valid alternative therapeutic approach is outlined, while the importance of epidemiological studies on important bacterial pathogens, the problems arising from the excessive use of antibiotics in animal breeding, and the development of innovative technologies for diagnosing the “bad bugs” are discussed in detail. Accordingly, the book will appeal to researchers and clinicians alike.

Download NTM     The New Uber Bugs PDF
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Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
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ISBN 10 : 9782889630127
Pages : 240 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (896 users)
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Download or read book NTM The New Uber Bugs written by Veronique Dartois and published by Frontiers Media SA. This book was released on 2019-11-04 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Incidence of pulmonary disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), such as Mycobacterium abscessus and M. avium, is increasing at an alarming rate, surpassing tuberculosis (TB) in many countries. Treatment durations are extremely long. With low sputum conversion rates, the outcomes are often disappointing. Thus, NTM disease resembles extremely drug resistant TB. There is an urgent need for increased research on this dreadful disease. For this book we brought together experts from a wide range of disciplines addressing current status, gaps and needs, and new developments in several NTM-relevant research areas. We start with the discussion of NTM disease presentations and clinical research. This is followed by contributions on epidemiology, antibiotic resistance mechanisms, drug discovery and development, bacteriology and targets, and new diagnostic tools. We would like to thank the 130 authors for sharing their work and insights. We hope that this collection of articles will stimulate discussions and research activities on the challenging lung disease caused by the diverse group of pathogens called NTM.

Download Addressing the Threat of Drug Resistant Tuberculosis PDF
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Publisher : National Academies Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780309130448
Pages : 252 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (91 users)
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Download or read book Addressing the Threat of Drug Resistant Tuberculosis written by Institute of Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2010-01-07 with total page 252 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Tuberculosis is one of the leading causes of death in the world today, with 4,500 people dying from the disease every day. Many cases of TB can be cured by available antibiotics, but some TB is resistant to multiple drugs-a major and growing threat worldwide. The Institute of Medicine's Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation hosted a workshop on November 5, 2008, to address the mounting concern of drug-resistant TB. The session brought together a wide range of international experts to discuss what is known and not known about this growing threat, and to explore possible solutions.

Download Index Medicus PDF
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ISBN 10 : OSU:32436011091210
Pages : pages
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Download or read book Index Medicus written by and published by . This book was released on 2003 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download The Millennium Development Goals for Health PDF
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Publisher : World Bank Publications
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ISBN 10 : 0821357670
Pages : 210 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (576 users)
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Download or read book The Millennium Development Goals for Health written by Adam Wagstaff and published by World Bank Publications. This book was released on 2004-01-01 with total page 210 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Annotation Provides information on progress and trends, including poornonpoor disparities; health systems reform as a means of laying building blocks for the efficient and equitable delivery of effective interventions; the financing of health spending through domestic resources and aid; and improving the effectiveness of development assistance in health. Linking the health Millennium Development Goals? agenda with the broader poverty-reduction agenda, this book is a valuable resource for policymakers in developing countries and development practitioners working in the health, nutrition, and population sector as well as students and scholars of public health.

Download Fundamentals of Microbiology PDF
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Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
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ISBN 10 : 9781284211757
Pages : 817 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (842 users)
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Download or read book Fundamentals of Microbiology written by Jeffrey C. Pommerville and published by Jones & Bartlett Learning. This book was released on 2021-03-15 with total page 817 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Fundamentals of Microbiology, Twelfth Edition is designed for the introductory microbiology course with an emphasis in the health sciences.

Download Human Development Report 2001 PDF
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Publisher : Human Development Report
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ISBN 10 : 9780195218367
Pages : 176 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (952 users)
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Download or read book Human Development Report 2001 written by and published by Human Development Report. This book was released on with total page 176 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists PDF
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Pages : 116 pages
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Download or read book Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists written by and published by . This book was released on 1970-06 with total page 116 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Download Stakeholder Involvement in Social Marketing PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9780429508226
Pages : 212 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (295 users)
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Download or read book Stakeholder Involvement in Social Marketing written by Kathy Knox and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-11-25 with total page 212 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is the first to provide evidence-based experience to showcase how stakeholder management can be applied within social marketing programs, as well providing contemporary discussions of social marketing research. The book aims to bring practitioners and academics together to address the calls made by scholars to address inherent challenges involved in identifying, involving and prioritising different stakeholders in social marketing interventions. Through sharing real-world experience, the text aims to extend and synthesise current knowledge in the field and contribute to establishing stronger and long-lasting alliances with stakeholders involved in social marketing interventions with an aim of ensuring sustainable behavioural change. This book features a diverse series of case studies from different countries (including but not limited to Australia, Finland, India, Slovenia, the United Kingdom) conducted in various behaviour change contexts (including alcohol consumption, nutrition intake, and breast feeding). Leading international social marketing and social science scholars provide case studies on stakeholder involvement in an intervention or multiple interventions and elucidate relevant lessons to inform theoretical as well as practical implications for multi-stakeholder social marketing interventions. This volume will be of interest to researchers, advanced students, practitioners and policy makers in social marketing and health policy.

Download Cumulated Index Medicus PDF
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ISBN 10 : UIUC:30112023522862
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.:/5 (31 users)
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Download or read book Cumulated Index Medicus written by and published by . This book was released on 1991 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Initiating integrated trypanosomosis control  participatory rural appraisal PDF
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Publisher : ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)
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ISBN 10 : 9789291461738
Pages : 63 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (914 users)
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Download or read book Initiating integrated trypanosomosis control participatory rural appraisal written by and published by ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD). This book was released on with total page 63 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Popular Science PDF
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Pages : 186 pages
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Download or read book Popular Science written by and published by . This book was released on 2004-09 with total page 186 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Popular Science gives our readers the information and tools to improve their technology and their world. The core belief that Popular Science and our readers share: The future is going to be better, and science and technology are the driving forces that will help make it better.

Download Probiotics in Pediatric Medicine PDF
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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 1603272895
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (728 users)
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Download or read book Probiotics in Pediatric Medicine written by Sonia Michail and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2009-01-22 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Probiotics in Pediatric Medicine provides clinicians a tool to understand the current evidence for the role of probiotics in various pediatric disorders related to the gastrointestinal as well as the extra-intestinal tract. This book provides evidence-based up-to-date information from world experts in their fields to help clinicians make decisions regarding the use of probiotics. A list of resources, web sites, and references relevant to probiotics can be found in the appendix. Currently, the market for probiotics continues to rely heavily on health claims made by manufacturers and retailers. Clinicians have the sole responsibility to understand the various strains and preparations commercially available and to advise patients accordingly. Probiotics in Pediatric Medicine is an indispensable tool and a critical resource for health professionals that will aid in enhancing their ability to make the appropriate decisions regarding the use of probiotics.

Download Backpacker PDF
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Pages : 140 pages
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Download or read book Backpacker written by and published by . This book was released on 2007-09 with total page 140 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Backpacker brings the outdoors straight to the reader's doorstep, inspiring and enabling them to go more places and enjoy nature more often. The authority on active adventure, Backpacker is the world's first GPS-enabled magazine, and the only magazine whose editors personally test the hiking trails, camping gear, and survival tips they publish. Backpacker's Editors' Choice Awards, an industry honor recognizing design, feature and product innovation, has become the gold standard against which all other outdoor-industry awards are measured.