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Download The Early American Daguerreotype PDF
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Publisher : MIT Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780262034104
Pages : 227 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (62 users)
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Download or read book The Early American Daguerreotype written by Sarah Kate Gillespie and published by MIT Press. This book was released on 2016-02-12 with total page 227 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The American daguerreotype as something completely new: a mechanical invention that produced an image, a hybrid of fine art and science and technology. The daguerreotype, invented in France, came to America in 1839. By 1851, this early photographic method had been improved by American daguerreotypists to such a degree that it was often referred to as “the American process.” The daguerreotype—now perhaps mostly associated with stiffly posed portraits of serious-visaged nineteenth-century personages—was an extremely detailed photographic image, produced though a complicated process involving a copper plate, light-sensitive chemicals, and mercury fumes. It was, as Sarah Kate Gillespie shows in this generously illustrated history, something wholly and remarkably new: a product of science and innovative technology that resulted in a visual object. It was a hybrid, with roots in both fine art and science, and it interacted in reciprocally formative ways with fine art, science, and technology. Gillespie maps the evolution of the daguerreotype, as medium and as profession, from its introduction to the ascendancy of the “American process,” tracing its relationship to other fields and the professionalization of those fields. She does so by recounting the activities of a series of American daguerreotypists, including fine artists, scientists, and mechanical tinkerers. She describes, for example, experiments undertaken by Samuel F. B. Morse as he made the transition from artist to inventor; how artists made use of the daguerreotype, both borrowing conventions from fine art and establishing new ones for a new medium; the use of the daguerreotype in various sciences, particularly astronomy; and technological innovators who drew on their work in the mechanical arts. By the 1860s, the daguerreotype had been supplanted by newer technologies. Its rise (and fall) represents an early instance of the ever-constant stream of emerging visual technologies.

Download Photographic Presidents PDF
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Publisher : University of Illinois Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780252052699
Pages : 296 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (52 users)
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Download or read book Photographic Presidents written by Cara A. Finnegan and published by University of Illinois Press. This book was released on 2021-05-18 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Defining the Chief Executive via flash powder and selfie sticks Lincoln’s somber portraits. Lyndon Johnson’s swearing in. George W. Bush’s reaction to learning about the 9/11 attacks. Photography plays an indelible role in how we remember and define American presidents. Throughout history, presidents have actively participated in all aspects of photography, not only by sitting for photos but by taking and consuming them. Cara A. Finnegan ventures from a newly-discovered daguerreotype of John Quincy Adams to Barack Obama’s selfies to tell the stories of how presidents have participated in the medium’s transformative moments. As she shows, technological developments not only changed photography, but introduced new visual values that influence how we judge an image. At the same time, presidential photographs—as representations of leaders who symbolized the nation—sparked public debate on these values and their implications. An original journey through political history, Photographic Presidents reveals the intertwined evolution of an American institution and a medium that continues to define it.

Download The World of Antebellum America  A Daily Life Encyclopedia  2 volumes  PDF
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Publisher : ABC-CLIO
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ISBN 10 : 9781440837111
Pages : 1034 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (48 users)
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Download or read book The World of Antebellum America A Daily Life Encyclopedia 2 volumes written by Alexandra Kindell and published by ABC-CLIO. This book was released on 2018-09-20 with total page 1034 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This set provides insight into the lives of ordinary Americans free and enslaved, in farms and cities, in the North and the South, who lived during the years of 1815 to 1860. • Provides intimate details about the personal lives of Americans during the Antebellum Era • Demonstrates the diversity of the American experience in the years before the Civil War • Makes clear how hard Americans worked to build their lives while still participating in the democratic process • Explores how Americans dealt with the daily demands of life as national and regional issues created insecurity and instability • Includes 40 primary source documents with detailed introductions to realize Antebellum America

Download Empire  Early Photography and Spectacle PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781000209877
Pages : 174 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (2 users)
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Download or read book Empire Early Photography and Spectacle written by Elisa deCourcy and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-11-23 with total page 174 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: James William Newland’s (1810–1857) career as a showman daguerreotypist began in the United States but expanded into Central and South America, across the Pacific to New Zealand and colonial Australia and onto India. Newland used the latest developments in photography, theatre and spectacle to create powerful new visual experiences for audiences in each of these volatile colonial societies. This book assesses his surviving, vivid portraits against other visual ephemera and archival records of his time. Newland’s magic lantern and theatre shows are imaginatively reconstructed from textual sources and analysed, with his short, rich career casting a new light on the complex worlds of the mid-nineteenth century. It provides a revealing case study of someone brokering new experiences with optical technologies for varied audiences at the forefront of the age of modern vision. This book will be of interest to scholars in art and visual culture, photography, the history of photography and Victorian history.

Download Paper Promises PDF
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Publisher : Getty Publications
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ISBN 10 : 9781606065495
Pages : 226 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (6 users)
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Download or read book Paper Promises written by Mazie M. Harris and published by Getty Publications. This book was released on 2018-03-20 with total page 226 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Scholarship on photography’s earliest years has tended to focus on daguerreotypes on metal or on the European development of paper photographs made from glass or paper negatives. But Americans also experimented with negative-positive processes to produce photographic images on a variety of paper formats in the early decades of the medium. Paper Promises: Early American Photography presents this rarely studied topic within photographic history. The well-researched and richly detailed texts in this book delve into the complexities of early paper photography in the United States from the 1840s to 1860s, bringing to light a little-known era of American photographic appropriation and adaptation. Exploring the economic, political, intellectual, and social factors that impacted its unique evolution, both the essays and the carefully selected images illustrate the importance of photographic reproduction in shaping and circulating perceptions of America and its people during a critical period of political tension and territorial expansion. Due to the fragility of paper photography from this period, the works in this catalogue are rarely displayed, making the volume an essential tool for any scholar in the field and a very rare peek into the mid-nineteenth century.

Download Circulation and Control PDF
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Publisher : Open Book Publishers
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ISBN 10 : 9781800641495
Pages : 540 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (6 users)
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Download or read book Circulation and Control written by Marie-Stéphanie Delamaire and published by Open Book Publishers. This book was released on 2021-10-08 with total page 540 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The nineteenth century witnessed a series of revolutions in the production and circulation of images. From lithographs and engraved reproductions of paintings to daguerreotypes, stereoscopic views, and mass-produced sculptures, works of visual art became available in a wider range of media than ever before. But the circulation and reproduction of artworks also raised new questions about the legal rights of painters, sculptors, engravers, photographers, architects, collectors, publishers, and subjects of representation (such as sitters in paintings or photographs). Copyright and patent laws tussled with informal cultural norms and business strategies as individuals and groups attempted to exert some degree of control over these visual creations. With contributions by art historians, legal scholars, historians of publishing, and specialists of painting, photography, sculpture, and graphic arts, this rich collection of essays explores the relationship between intellectual property laws and the cultural, economic, and technological factors that transformed the pictorial landscape during the nineteenth century. This book will be valuable reading for historians of art and visual culture; legal scholars who work on the history of copyright and patent law; and literary scholars and historians who work in the field of book history. It will also resonate with anyone interested in current debates about the circulation and control of images in our digital age.

Download Victorian Science and Imagery PDF
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Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780822987994
Pages : 373 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (229 users)
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Download or read book Victorian Science and Imagery written by Nancy Rose Marshall and published by University of Pittsburgh Press. This book was released on 2021-07-27 with total page 373 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The nineteenth century was a period of science and imagery: when scientific theories and discoveries challenged longstanding boundaries between animal, plant, and human, and when art and visual culture produced new notions about the place of the human in the natural world. Just as scientists relied on graphic representation to conceptualize their ideas, artists moved seamlessly between scientific debate and creative expression to support or contradict popular scientific theories—such as Darwin’s theory of evolution and sexual selection—deliberately drawing on concepts in ways that allowed them to refute popular claims or disrupt conventional knowledges. Focusing on the close kinship between the arts and sciences during the Victorian period, the art historians contributing to this volume reveal the unique ways in which nineteenth-century British and American visual culture participated in making science, and in which science informed art at a crucial moment in the history of the development of the modern world. Together, they explore topics in geology, meteorology, medicine, anatomy, evolution, and zoology, as well as a range of media from photography to oil painting. They remind us that science and art are not tightly compartmentalized, separate influences. Rather, these are fields that share forms, manifest as waves, layers, lines, or geometries; that invest in the idea of the evolution of form; and that generate surprisingly kindred responses, such as pain, pleasure, empathy, and sympathy.

Download Exposing Slavery PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780190663957
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (96 users)
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Download or read book Exposing Slavery written by Matthew Fox-Amato and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2019-03-01 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Within a few years of the introduction of photography into the United States in 1839, slaveholders had already begun commissioning photographic portraits of their slaves. Ex-slaves-turned-abolitionists such as Frederick Douglass had come to see how sitting for a portrait could help them project humanity and dignity amidst northern racism. In the first decade of the medium, enslaved people had begun entering southern daguerreotype studios of their own volition, posing for cameras, and leaving with visual treasures they could keep in their pockets. And, as the Civil War raged, Union soldiers would orchestrate pictures with fugitive slaves that envisioned racial hierarchy as slavery fell. In these ways and others, from the earliest days of the medium to the first moments of emancipation, photography powerfully influenced how bondage and freedom were documented, imagined, and contested. By 1865, it would be difficult for many Americans to look back upon slavery and its fall without thinking of a photograph. Exposing Slavery explores how photography altered and was, in turn, shaped by conflicts over human bondage. Drawing on an original source base that includes hundreds of unpublished and little-studied photographs of slaves, ex-slaves, free African Americans, and abolitionists, as well as written archival materials, it puts visual culture at the center of understanding the experience of late slavery. It assesses how photography helped southerners to defend slavery, enslaved people to shape their social ties, abolitionists to strengthen their movement, and soldiers to pictorially enact interracial society during the Civil War. With diverse goals, these peoples transformed photography from a scientific curiosity into a political tool over only a few decades. This creative first book sheds new light on conflicts over late American slavery, while also revealing a key moment in the relationship between modern visual culture and racialized forms of power and resistance.

Download First Exposures PDF
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Publisher : Getty Publications
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ISBN 10 : 9781606065242
Pages : 452 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (6 users)
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Download or read book First Exposures written by Steffen Siegel and published by Getty Publications. This book was released on 2017-08-01 with total page 452 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An exact date for the invention of photography is evasive. Scientists and amateurs alike were working on a variety of photographic processes for much of the early nineteenth century. Thus most historians refer to the year 1839 as the “first” year of photography, not because the sensational new medium was invented then, but because that is the year it was introduced to the world. After more than 175 years, and for the first time in English, First Exposures: Writings from the Beginning of Photography brings together more than 130 primary sources from that very year—1839—subdivided into ten chapters and accompanied by fifty-three images of significant visual and historical importance. This is an astonishing work of discovery, selection, and—thanks to Steffen Siegel’s introductory texts, notes, and afterword—elucidation. The range of material is impressive: not only all the chemical and technological details of the various processes but also contracts, speeches, correspondence of every kind, arguments, parodies, satires, eulogies, denunciations, journals, and even some poems. Revealing through firsthand accounts the competition, the rivalries, and the parallels among the various practitioners and theorists, this book provides an unprecedented way to understand how the early discourse around photographic techniques and processes transcended national boundaries and interconnected across Europe and the United States.

Download The Daguerreotype in America PDF
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Publisher : Courier Corporation
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ISBN 10 : 0486233227
Pages : 276 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (332 users)
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Download or read book The Daguerreotype in America written by Beaumont Newhall and published by Courier Corporation. This book was released on 1976-01-01 with total page 276 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Wonderful portraits, 1850s towns, landscapes; full text plus 104 photos. Enlarged edition.

Download Early American Life PDF
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ISBN 10 : WISC:89058325838
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.:/5 (89 users)
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Download or read book Early American Life written by and published by . This book was released on 1992 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Photography and Failure PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781000213201
Pages : 248 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (2 users)
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Download or read book Photography and Failure written by Kris Belden-Adams and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-08-06 with total page 248 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Throughout photography’s history, failure has played an essential, recurring part in the development and perceived value of this medium. Exploring a range of failures – individual and institutional, technological and historiographical – Photography and Failure asks what it means to fail and considers how this narrative of failure has shaped our understanding of photography. From the trial-and-error beginnings of photochemistry to poor business decisions influenced by fickle public opinion and taste, the founders and early practitioners of photography frequently faced bankruptcy and ignominy. Alongside these individual ‘failures’, this collection of essays examines the role of museums in rediscovering, preserving and presenting photographs within institutions, as well as technological limitations, such as the problematic panoramic lens or the digital, archival failures of Snapchat. Moving beyond the physical photograph and these processes, the book also investigates the limitations of photographs themselves, as purveyors of truth, time, space, documentary realism and social change, whether these failures are used to effect or not. Finally, the book probes the historiographical failures affecting the discipline, drawing on key debates, such as the perceived over-emphasis on European and American photography, and the place of photography theory in contemporary art practice. Blurring the boundaries between traditional binaries of art and non-art photography, amateur and professional practice, and individual and corporate perspectives, Photography and Failure presents a new approach to understanding and evaluating photographic history.

Download Passages in Time PDF
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Publisher : Troubador Publishing Ltd
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ISBN 10 : 9781789014112
Pages : 200 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (89 users)
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Download or read book Passages in Time written by Keith Steiner and published by Troubador Publishing Ltd. This book was released on 2018-11-20 with total page 200 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Offers a unique and critical witness to significant historic photographs, from the period of the inception of photography to the Edwardian era. Asserts historic photographs as vivid and lyrical artefacts which live both as a source of enrichment in contemporary artistic experience, and as documentary witness to our own age. Shows photography as an art in intimate cultural conjunction with painting and literature. We cannot travel back into the past! In the garish light of the blaze of contemporary ‘selfies’ and of the digital editing of photographs, photography has lost contact with the abstract impact and the purity of dimension of historic photography. Historic photography offers, instead, a unique and vivid witness to the lived experience of the past - in our own age. In his new book Keith Steiner brings us face to face with historic photographs as both the camera’s memories, and as definitive and enduring entities of the present. He explores how our perceptual dialogue with historic imagery is also an encounter with the bias rooted in our register of the literary, the optical, and the cultural. Keith Steiner’s authoritative, perceptive, illuminating, and penetrating text focuses key examples of historic photography in their fullness of register as artistic, perceptual, philosophic and cultural jewels. These mysterious, haunting photographs are thus revealed by the author in the full light of our age as sometime lyrical, metaphorical encounters of prose and poetry; and equally, and eternally, as of the fabric and geometry of now.

Download Photography and the Arts PDF
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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781350048553
Pages : 248 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (5 users)
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Download or read book Photography and the Arts written by Juliet Hacking and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2020-10-29 with total page 248 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Photography, both in the form of contemporary practice and that of historical material, now occupies a significant place in the citadels of Western art culture. It has an institutional network of its own, embedded within the broader art world, with its own specialists including academics, critics, curators, collectors, dealers and conservators. All of this cultural activity consolidates an artistic practice and critical discourse of photography that distinguishes what is increasingly termed 'art photography' from its commercial, scientific and amateur guises. But this long-awaited recognition of photography as high art brings new challenges. How will photography's newly privileged place in the art world affect how the history of creative photography is written? Modernist claims for the medium as having an aesthetic often turned on precedents from painting. Postmodernism challenged a cultural hierarchy organized around painting. Nineteenth-century photographs move between the symbolic spaces of the gallery wall and the archive: de-contextualised for art and re-contextualised for history. But what of the contemporary writings, images, and practices that negotiated an aesthetic status for 'the photographic'? Photography and the Arts revisits practices both celebrated and elided by the modernist and postmodernist grand narratives of art and photographic history in order to open up new critical spaces. Written by leading scholars in the fields of photography, art and literature, the essays examine the metaphorical as well as the material exchanges between photography and the fine, graphic, reproductive and sculptural arts.

Download Nineteenth Century Photographs and Architecture PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781351556279
Pages : 293 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (515 users)
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Download or read book Nineteenth Century Photographs and Architecture written by Micheline Nilsen and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-07-05 with total page 293 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Eschewing the limiting idea that nineteenth-century architecture photography merely reflects functionality, the objective of this collection is to reflect the aesthetic, intellectual, and cultural concerns of the time. The essays hold appeal for social and cultural historians, as well as those with an interest in the fields of art history, urban geography, history of travel and tourism. Nineteenth-century photographers captured what could be seen and what they wanted to be seen. Their images informed of exploration, progress, heritage, and destruction. Architecture was a staple subject for the first generation of photographers as it patiently tolerated the long exposures of the early processes. During its formative decades photography responded to evolutionary cultural forces of market and artistic production. Photographs of architecture reflected a specific political or social context modulated through individual points of view. For this reason, the examination of each photographic image as a primary visual document and an aesthetic object rather than a technical milestone on a chronological trajectory affords a richer multi-faceted approach to the extensive and complex corpus of photographs taken by photographers all over the world. This project acknowledges the importance of technique in the early decades of photography but focuses on the thematic content of the material. It places the photography of architecture in an international context under the contemporary critical lens sharpened by theoretical and cultural examinations of the topic.

Download Encyclopedia of Nineteenth Century Photography PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781135873264
Pages : 1736 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (358 users)
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Download or read book Encyclopedia of Nineteenth Century Photography written by John Hannavy and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-12-16 with total page 1736 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography is the first comprehensive encyclopedia of world photography up to the beginning of the twentieth century. It sets out to be the standard, definitive reference work on the subject for years to come. Its coverage is global – an important ‘first’ in that authorities from all over the world have contributed their expertise and scholarship towards making this a truly comprehensive publication. The Encyclopedia presents new and ground-breaking research alongside accounts of the major established figures in the nineteenth century arena. Coverage includes all the key people, processes, equipment, movements, styles, debates and groupings which helped photography develop from being ‘a solution in search of a problem’ when first invented, to the essential communication tool, creative medium, and recorder of everyday life which it had become by the dawn of the twentieth century. The sheer breadth of coverage in the 1200 essays makes the Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography an essential reference source for academics, students, researchers and libraries worldwide.

Download Seizing the Light PDF
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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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ISBN 10 : 9781317371823
Pages : 594 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (173 users)
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Download or read book Seizing the Light written by Robert Hirsch and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2017-04-07 with total page 594 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The definitive history of photography book, Seizing the Light: A Social & Aesthetic History of Photography delivers the fascinating story of how photography as an art form came into being, and its continued development, maturity, and transformation. Covering the major events, practitioners, works, and social effects of photographic practice, Robert Hirsch provides a concise and discerning chronological account of Western photography. This fundamental starting place shows the diversity of makers, inventors, issues, and applications, exploring the artistic, critical, and social aspects of the creative process. The third edition includes up-to-date information about contemporary photographers like Cindy Sherman and Yang Yongliang, and comprehensive coverage of the digital revolution, including the rise of mobile photography, the citizen as journalist, and the role of social media. Highly illustrated with full-color images and contributions from hundreds of artists around the world, Seizing the Light serves as a gateway to the history of photography. Written in an accessible style, it is perfect for students newly engaging with the practice of photography and for experienced photographers wanting to contextualize their own work.