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Download Wege der Wissenschaft PDF
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ISBN 10 : 0387515038
Pages : 196 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (15 users)
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Download or read book Wege der Wissenschaft written by Alan F. Chalmers and published by . This book was released on 1989 with total page 196 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Is Justified True Belief Knowledge    Ist gerechtfertigte  wahre   berzeugung Wissen  PDF
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Publisher : Reclam Verlag
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ISBN 10 : 9783159614946
Pages : 96 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (596 users)
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Download or read book Is Justified True Belief Knowledge Ist gerechtfertigte wahre berzeugung Wissen written by Edmund L. Gettier and published by Reclam Verlag. This book was released on 2019-07-17 with total page 96 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Edmund Gettier musste in den 1960er Jahren eine Veröffentlichung vorlegen, um seinen Arbeitsplatz als Philosophiedozent behalten zu dürfen: Er schrieb ein dreiseitiges Papier, das bis heute zu den am meisten diskutierten philosophischen Aufsätzen überhaupt gehört: Er erschütterte die damals weithin akzeptierte Position, Wissen sei gerechtfertigte, wahre Überzeugung. Seitdem ist es eine philosophische Binsenweisheit, dass Wissen eben gerade nicht gerechtfertigte, wahre Überzeugung ist. Wer sich mit Erkenntnistheorie beschäftigt, muss dieses Papier und seine Deutungsgeschichte kennen. Die Reihe Great Papers Philosophie bietet bahnbrechende Aufsätze der Philosophie: - Eine zeichengenaue, zitierfähige Wiedergabe des Textes (fremdsprachiges Original, verlinkt mit einer neuen Übersetzung). - Eine philosophiegeschichtliche Einordnung: Wie dachte man früher über das Problem? Welche Veränderung bewirkte der Aufsatz? Wie denkt man heute darüber? - Eine Analyse des Textes bzw. eine Rekonstruktion seiner Argumentationsstruktur, gefolgt von einem Abschnitt über den Autor sowie ein kommentiertes Literaturverzeichnis. E-Book mit Seitenzählung der gedruckten UB-Ausgabe sowie mit Originalpaginierung.

Download What is this thing called Knowledge  PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781134573677
Pages : 233 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (345 users)
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Download or read book What is this thing called Knowledge written by Duncan Pritchard and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-10-01 with total page 233 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is knowledge? Where does it come from? What kinds of knowledge are there? Can we know anything at all? This lucid and engaging introduction grapples with these central questions in the theory of knowledge, offering a clear, non-partisan view of the main themes of epistemology. Both traditional issues and contemporary ideas are discussed in sixteen easily digestible chapters, each of which conclude with a useful summary of the main ideas discussed, study questions, annotated further reading and a guide to internet resources. Each chapter also features text boxes providing bite-sized summaries of key concepts and major philosophers, and clear and interesting examples are used throughout. The book concludes with an annotated guide to general introductions to epistemology, a glossary of key terms, and a summary of the main examples used in epistemology, This an ideal first textbook in the theory of knowledge for undergraduates coming to philosophy for the first time. The third edition has been revised and updated throughout and features two new chapters, on religious knowledge and scientific knowledge, as part of a whole new section on what kinds of knowledge there are. In addition, the text as a whole has been refreshed to keep it up to date with current developments.

Download What is this Thing Called Knowledge  PDF
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ISBN 10 : 0415657067
Pages : 218 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (57 users)
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Download or read book What is this Thing Called Knowledge written by Duncan Pritchard and published by . This book was released on 2013 with total page 218 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is knowledge? Where does it come from? What kinds of knowledge are there? Can we know anything at all? This lucid and engaging introduction grapples with these central questions in the theory of knowledge, offering a clear, non-partisan view of the main themes of epistemology. Both traditional issues and contemporary ideas are discussed in sixteen easily digestible chapters, each of which conclude with a useful summary of the main ideas discussed, study questions, annotated further reading and a guide to internet resources. Each chapter also features text boxes providing bite-sized summaries of key concepts and major philosophers, and clear and interesting examples are used throughout. The book concludes with an annotated guide to general introductions to epistemology, a glossary of key terms, and a summary of the main examples used in epistemology, This an ideal first textbook in the theory of knowledge for undergraduates coming to philosophy for the first time. The third edition has been revised and updated throughout and features two new chapters, on religious knowledge and scientific knowledge, as part of a whole new section on what kinds of knowledge there are. In addition, the text as a whole has been refreshed to keep it up to date with current developments.

Download What is this thing called Philosophy  PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781135037468
Pages : 408 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (35 users)
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Download or read book What is this thing called Philosophy written by Duncan Pritchard and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-12-22 with total page 408 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is this thing called Philosophy? is the definitive textbook for all who want a thorough introduction to the field. It introduces philosophy using a question-led approach that reflects the discursive nature of the discipline. Edited by Duncan Pritchard, each section is written by a high-profile contributor focusing on a key area of philosophy, and contains three or four question-based chapters offering an accessible point of engagement. The core areas of philosophy covered are: Ethics Political Philosophy Aesthetics Epistemology Philosophy of Mind Metaphysics Philosophy of Science Philosophy of Religion The Meaning of Life. The accompanying Routledge companion website features valuable online resources for both instructors and students including links to audio and video material, multiple-choice questions, interactive flashcards, essay questions and annotated further reading. This is the essential textbook for students approaching the study of philosophy for the first time.

Download What is this thing called Philosophy of Religion  PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781317595465
Pages : 232 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (175 users)
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Download or read book What is this thing called Philosophy of Religion written by Elizabeth Burns and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-10-02 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is this thing called Philosophy of Religion? grapples with the core topics studied on philosophy of religion undergraduate courses including: the meaning of religious language, including 20th century developments the nature of the Divine, including divine power, wisdom and action arguments for the existence of the Divine challenges to belief in the Divine, including the problems of evil, divine hiddenness and religious diversity believing without arguments arguments for life after death, including reincarnation. In addition to the in-depth coverage of the key themes within the subject area Elizabeth Burns explores the topics from the perspectives of the five main world religions, introducing students to the work of scholars from a variety of religious traditions and interpretations of belief. What is this thing called Philosophy of Religion? is the ideal introduction for those approaching the philosophy of religion for the first time, containing many helpful student-friendly features, such as a glossary of important terms, study questions and further reading.

Download What Is This Thing Called Philosophy  PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 0415839777
Pages : 408 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (397 users)
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Download or read book What Is This Thing Called Philosophy written by Duncan Pritchard and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-01-15 with total page 408 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is this thing called Philosophy?is the definitive textbook for all who want a thorough introduction to the field. It introduces philosophy using a question-led approach that reflects the discursive nature of the discipline. Edited by Duncan Pritchard, each section is written by a high-profile contributor focusing on a key area of philosophy, and contains three or four question-based chapters offering an accessible point of engagement. The core areas of philosophy covered are: Ethics Political Philosophy Aesthetics Epistemology Philosophy of Mind Metaphysics Philosophy of Science Philosophy of Religion The Meaning of Life. The accompanying Routledge companion website features valuable online resources for both instructors and students including links to audio and video material, multiple-choice questions, interactive flashcards, essay questions and annotated further reading. This is the essential textbook for students approaching the study of philosophy for the first time.

Download What is this Thing Called Metaethics  PDF
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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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ISBN 10 : 9781315438320
Pages : 177 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (154 users)
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Download or read book What is this Thing Called Metaethics written by Matthew Chrisman and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2016-11-10 with total page 177 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Are moral standards relative? Are there moral facts? What is goodness? If there moral facts are how do we learn about them? These are all questions about metaethics, the branch of ethics that studies ethical properties, statements, attitudes and judgements. To the uninitiated it can appear abstract and far removed from its two more brash cousins, ethical theory and applied ethics, yet it is one of the fastest-growing and most exciting areas of ethics. What is this thing called Metaethics? demystifies this important subject and is ideal for students coming to it for the first time. Beginning with a brief historical overview of metaethics Matthew Chrisman introduces and assesses the following key topics: moral reality: including questions about naturalism and non-naturalism, moral facts, and the distinction between realism and antirealism; moral language: does language represent reality? What mental states are expressed by moral statements? moral psychology: Hume's theory of motivation and the connection between moral judgement and motivation; moral knowledge: including moral disagreement, the distinction between internalist and externalist theories of knowledge, and theories of objectivity and relativism in metaethics; nonnaturalism; expressivism; error-theory; naturalism; contemporary theories and arguments in metaethics, including Derek Parfit, Simon Blackburn, John McDowell, Christine Korsgaard and Alan Gibbard; new directions in metaethics, such as 'metaepistemology' and 'metanormative theory'.

Download What is this thing called Global Justice  PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781000425789
Pages : 216 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (4 users)
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Download or read book What is this thing called Global Justice written by Kok-Chor Tan and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-09-02 with total page 216 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is this thing called Global Justice? is a clear and engaging introduction to this widely studied and important topic. It explores the fundamental concepts, issues and arguments at the heart of global justice, including: world poverty economic inequality nationalism human rights humanitarian intervention immigration global democracy and governance climate change reparations health justice international justice. This second edition has been updated throughout and includes two new chapters: on ethical and moral debates concerning reparations and on global health justice. The chapters on world poverty, human rights, just war, borders, climate justice, and global democracy have also been substantially revised and updated. Centered on real world problems, this textbook helps students to understand that global justice is not only a field of philosophical inquiry but also of practical importance. Each chapter concludes with a helpful summary of the main ideas discussed, study questions and a further reading guide.

Download What is this thing called Metaphysics  PDF
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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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ISBN 10 : 9781317565970
Pages : 164 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (175 users)
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Download or read book What is this thing called Metaphysics written by Brian Garrett and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2017-04-04 with total page 164 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How did our universe come to be? Does God exist? Does time flow? What are we? Do we have free will? What is truth? Metaphysics is concerned with the nature of ourselves and the world around us. This clear and accessible introduction covers the central topics in metaphysics in a concise but comprehensive way. Brian Garrett discusses the crucial concepts and arguments of metaphysics in a highly readable manner. He addresses the following key areas of metaphysics: • God • Existence • Modality • Universals and particulars • Facts • Causation • Time • Puzzles of material constitution • Free will & determinism • Fatalism • Personal identity • Truth This third edition has been thoroughly revised. Most chapters include new and updated material, and there are now two chapters devoted to attacks on free will and fatalism. What is this thing called Metaphysics? contains many helpful student-friendly features, such as a glossary of important terms, study questions, annotated further reading, and a guide to web resources. Text boxes provide bite-sized summaries of key concepts and major philosophers, and clear and interesting examples are used throughout.

Download What is this thing called Philosophy of Language  PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781351999472
Pages : 242 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (519 users)
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Download or read book What is this thing called Philosophy of Language written by Gary Kemp and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-12-22 with total page 242 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Philosophy of language explores some of the most abstract yet most fundamental questions in philosophy. The ideas of some of the subject's great founding figures, such as Gottlob Frege, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell, as well as of more recent figures such as Saul Kripke and Hilary Putnam, are central to a great many philosophical debates to this day. In this clear and carefully structured introduction to the subject Gary Kemp explains the following key topics: the basic nature of philosophy of language, its concepts, and its historical development Frege’s theory of sense and reference; Russell's theory of definite descriptions Wittgenstein's Tractatus, Ayer, and the Logical Positivists recent perspectives including Kripke, Kaplan and Putnam; arguments concerning necessity, indexicals, rigid designation and natural kinds The pragmatics of language, including speech-acts, presupposition and conversational implicature Davidson’s theory of language, the ‘principle of charity’, and the indeterminacy of interpretation puzzles surrounding the propositional attitudes (sentences which ascribe beliefs to people) Quine’s naturalism and its consequences for philosophy of language. The challenges presented by the later Wittgenstein Contemporary directions, including contextualism, fictional objects and the phenomenon of slurs This second edition has been thoroughly revised to include new key topics and updated material. Chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary make this an indispensable introduction to those teaching philosophy of language and will be particularly useful for students coming to the subject for the first time.

Download What is this thing called The Meaning of Life  PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781351848145
Pages : 190 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (518 users)
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Download or read book What is this thing called The Meaning of Life written by Stewart Goetz and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-04-06 with total page 190 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What are we asking when we ask, "What is the meaning of life?"? Can there be meaning without God? Is a happy life a meaningful life? Can an immoral life be meaningful? Does our suffering have meaning? Does death threaten meaning? What is this thing called The Meaning of Life? provides an engaging and stimulating introduction to philosophical thinking about life’s meaning. Goetz and Seachris provide the reader with accessible examples, before looking at the main theoretical approaches to meaning and key philosophers associated with them. Topics covered include: What does the question, "What is the meaning of life?", even mean? Does life have a purpose? What is valuable? Do we matter? Does life (or my life) make any sense? Is there any meaning in suffering? Does death threaten meaning? Would immortality be good or bad news for us? With boxed summaries of key concepts and noteworthy examples, discussion questions, and suggestions for further reading included within each chapter, this book is the ideal introduction to life’s meaning for philosophy students coming to the subject for the first time.

Download Research Ethics for Students in the Social Sciences PDF
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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 10 : 9783030484156
Pages : 287 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (34 users)
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Download or read book Research Ethics for Students in the Social Sciences written by Jaap Bos and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-10-16 with total page 287 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This open access textbook offers a practical guide into research ethics for undergraduate students in the social sciences. A step-by-step approach of the most viable issues, in-depth discussions of case histories and a variety of didactical tools will aid the student to grasp the issues at hand and help him or her develop strategies to deal with them. This book addresses problems and questions that any bachelor student in the social sciences should be aware of, including plagiarism, data fabrication and other types of fraud, data augmentation, various forms of research bias, but also peer pressure, issues with confidentiality and questions regarding conflicts of interest. Cheating, ‘free riding’, and broader issues that relate to the place of the social sciences in society are also included. The book concludes with a step-by-step approach designed to coach a student through a research application process.

Download Encyclopedia of Environmental Change PDF
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Publisher : SAGE
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ISBN 10 : 9781446264881
Pages : 1496 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (462 users)
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Download or read book Encyclopedia of Environmental Change written by John A Matthews and published by SAGE. This book was released on 2013-12-13 with total page 1496 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.

Download The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in the Study of Religion PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781136577659
Pages : 570 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (365 users)
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Download or read book The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in the Study of Religion written by Steven Engler and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-06-17 with total page 570 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is the first comprehensive survey in English of research methods in the field of religious studies. It is designed to enable non-specialists and students at upper undergraduate and graduate levels to understand the variety of research methods used in the field. The aim is to create awareness of the relevant methods currently available and to stimulate an active interest in exploring unfamiliar methods, encouraging their use in research and enabling students and scholars to evaluate academic work with reference to methodological issues. A distinguished team of contributors cover a broad spectrum of topics, from research ethics, hermeneutics and interviewing, to Internet research and video-analysis. Each chapter covers practical issues and challenges, the theoretical basis of the respective method, and the way it has been used in religious studies, illustrated by case studies.

Download Technoscientific Research PDF
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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN 10 : 9783110584127
Pages : 516 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (15 users)
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Download or read book Technoscientific Research written by Roman Z. Morawski and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2019-05-06 with total page 516 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: From the content: Introduction Mathematical modelling Measurement Scientific explanation Context of discovery Context of justification Uncertainty of scientific knowledge Morality and moral philosophy System ofvalues associated with science General principles of moral decision-making Researchethics Methodological and ethical issues related to experimentation Methodological and ethical issues to researchinformation Methodological and ethical issuesrelated to legal protection of intellectual property

Download Philosophy for Everyone PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781315449746
Pages : 186 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (154 users)
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Download or read book Philosophy for Everyone written by Matthew Chrisman and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-07-15 with total page 186 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Philosophy for Everyone begins by explaining what philosophy is before exploring the questions and issues at the foundation of this important subject. Key topics in this new edition and their areas of focus include: Moral philosophy – the nature of our moral judgments and reactions, whether they aim at some objective moral truth, or are mere personal or cultural preferences; and the possibility of moral responsibility given the sorts of things that cause behavior; Political philosophy – fundamental questions about the nature of states and their relationship to the citizens within those states Epistemology – what our knowledge of the world and ourselves consists in, and how we come to have it; and whether we should form beliefs by trusting what other people tell us; Philosophy of mind – what it means for something to have a mind, and how minds should be understood and explained; Philosophy of science – foundational conceptual issues in scientific research and practice, such as whether scientific theories are true; and Metaphysics - fundamental questions about the nature of reality, such as whether we have free will, or whether time travel is possible. This book is designed to be used in conjunction with the free ‘Introduction to Philosophy’ MOOC (massive open online course) created by the University of Edinburgh’s Eidyn research centre, and hosted by the Coursera platform (www.coursera.org/course/introphil).This book is also highly recommended for anyone looking for a short overview of this fascinating discipline.