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Download Israel   s Targeted Killing Policy PDF
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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 10 : 9783031136740
Pages : 236 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (311 users)
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Download or read book Israel s Targeted Killing Policy written by Boaz Ganor and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2022-10-25 with total page 236 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The book explores the main moral, ethical and operational dilemmas of targeted killings from an Israeli perspective. Even though many countries contending with terrorism have adopted this tool (either overtly or covertly) within the arsenal used in implementing their counter-terrorism policies, it seems that Israel, as one of the world's leading practitioner of targeted killing in its counter-terrorism effort, constitutes the most appropriate case study for reviewing implications and dilemmas associated with this practice. Each chapter will present a different ethical–moral–operational dilemma emanating from a deployment of a targeted killing. The analysis of Israeli considerations and solutions to these dilemmas is built around interviews with Israeli decision-makers, former senior security officials and other experts. The chapters also cover public opinion polls in order to highlight the views of the Israeli public vis-a-vis each dilemma. Finally, chapters will conclude with lessons learned and offer recommendations for a practical and moral solution. The final chapter then draws together universal conclusions and recommendations for the use of targeted killings.

Download Targeted Killings  Law and Counter Terrorism Effectiveness PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781000079845
Pages : 144 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 ( users)
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Download or read book Targeted Killings Law and Counter Terrorism Effectiveness written by Ophir Falk and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-07-15 with total page 144 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the permissibility and effectiveness of targeted killing in campaigns against terror. Targeted killing has become a primary counterterrorism measure used by several countries in their confrontation with lethal threats. The practice has been extensively used by the US in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia, and by Israel in the West Bank and Gaza. Several studies have already explored the difficult balance between achieving security while maintaining the liberties and rights of a country’s civilians. This book goes a step further by seeking to examine whether maintaining those liberties by complying with legal standards and minimizing unintended deaths can be more effective for national security. Using targeted killing applied by Israel, in particular, as well as the United States during the first decade of the twenty-first century as case studies, this book explores that question and ultimately assesses whether compliance with legal standards can strengthen a state in its campaign against terrorism and thus provide stronger security. The book focuses on civilian-related criteria, hypothesizing that minimizing civilian casualties will maximize effectiveness in an asymmetric war setting. The conclusions are not limited to a specific tactic or theater, and if adopted might have far-reaching implications for how asymmetric warfare is strategized. This book will be of much interest to students of counter-terrorism, law, Middle Eastern studies, and security studies.

Download Targeted Killing PDF
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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781107114852
Pages : 289 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (71 users)
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Download or read book Targeted Killing written by Markus Gunneflo and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2016-05-12 with total page 289 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Explores the emergence of targeted killing in Israeli and US statecraft, and in the international law of force.

Download Drones and the Ethics of Targeted Killing PDF
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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
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ISBN 10 : 9781442231573
Pages : 214 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (422 users)
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Download or read book Drones and the Ethics of Targeted Killing written by Kenneth R. Himes and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2015-09-03 with total page 214 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Drones have become an essential part of U.S. national security strategy, but most Americans know little about how they are used, and we receive conflicting reports about their outcomes. In Drones and the Ethics of Targeted Killing, ethicist Kenneth R. Himes provides not only an overview of the role of drones in national security but also an important exploration of the ethical implications of drone warfare—from the impact on terrorist organizations and civilians to how piloting drones shapes soldiers. Targeted killings have played a role in politics from ancient times through today, so the ethical challenges around how to protect against threats are not new. Himes leads readers through the ethics of targeted killings in history from ancient times to the contemporary Israeli-Palestinian conflict, then looks specifically at the new issues raised through the use of drones. This book is a powerful look at a pressing topic today.

Download Rethinking the Law of Armed Conflict in an Age of Terrorism PDF
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Publisher : Lexington Books
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ISBN 10 : 9780739166536
Pages : 357 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (391 users)
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Download or read book Rethinking the Law of Armed Conflict in an Age of Terrorism written by Christopher A. Ford and published by Lexington Books. This book was released on 2012 with total page 357 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Ten years after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2011, Rethinking the Law of Armed Conflict in an Age of Terrorism, edited by Christopher Ford and Amichai Cohen, brings together a range of interdisciplinary experts to examine the problematic encounter between international law and challenges presented by conflicts between developed states and non-state actors, such as international terrorist groups. Through examinations of the counter-terrorist experiences of the United States, Israel, and Colombia--coupled with legal and historical analyses of trends in international humanitarian law--the authors place post-9/11 practice in the context of the international legal community's broader struggle over the substantive content of international rules constraining state behavior in irregular wars and explore trends in the development of these rules. From the beginning of international efforts to rewrite the laws of armed conflict in the 1970s, the legal rules to govern irregular conflicts of the "state-on-nonstate" variety have been contested terrain. Particularly in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, policymakers, lawyers, and scholars have debated the merits, relevance, and applicability of what are said to be competing "war" and "law enforcement" paradigms of legal constraint--and even the degree to which international law can be said to apply to counter-terrorist conflicts at all. Ford & Cohen's volume puts such debates in historical and analytical context, and offers readers an insight into where the law has been headed in the fraught years since September 2001. The contributors provide the reader with differing perspectives upon these questions, but together their analyses make clear that law-governed restraint remains a cardinal value in counter-terrorist war, even as the law stands revealed as being much more contested and indeterminate than many accounts would have it. Rethinking the Law of Armed Conflict in an Age of Terrorism provides an important conceptual framework through which to view the development of the law as the policy and legal communities move into the second decade of the "global war on terrorism."

Download Targeted Killings PDF
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Publisher : OUP Oxford
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ISBN 10 : 9780191625909
Pages : 520 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (916 users)
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Download or read book Targeted Killings written by Claire Finkelstein and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2012-03-01 with total page 520 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The war on terror is remaking conventional warfare. The protracted battle against a non-state organization, the demise of the confinement of hostilities to an identifiable battlefield, the extensive involvement of civilian combatants, and the development of new and more precise military technologies have all conspired to require a rethinking of the law and morality of war. Just war theory, as traditionally articulated, seems ill-suited to justify many of the practices of the war on terror. The raid against Osama Bin Laden's Pakistani compound was the highest profile example of this strategy, but the issues raised by this technique cast a far broader net: every week the U.S. military and CIA launch remotely piloted drones to track suspected terrorists in hopes of launching a missile strike against them. In addition to the public condemnation that these attacks have generated in some countries, the legal and moral basis for the use of this technique is problematic. Is the U.S. government correct that nations attacked by terrorists have the right to respond in self-defense by targeting specific terrorists for summary killing? Is there a limit to who can legitimately be placed on the list? There is also widespread disagreement about whether suspected terrorists should be considered combatants subject to the risk of lawful killing under the laws of war or civilians protected by international humanitarian law. Complicating the moral and legal calculus is the fact that innocent bystanders are often killed or injured in these attacks. This book addresses these issues. Featuring chapters by an unrivalled set of experts, it discusses all aspects of targeted killing, making it unmissable reading for anyone interested in the implications of this practice.

Download Democracies and Small Wars PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781135757557
Pages : 224 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (357 users)
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Download or read book Democracies and Small Wars written by Efraim Inbar and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2003-08-30 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: By their nature, democracies clearly have greater constraints than autocratic regimes on their freedom of action as they have to meet constitutional, legal and moral criteria in their use of force. This collection analyses a number of case studies showing how democracies have won small wars.

Download Targeted Killing in International Law PDF
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Publisher : OUP Oxford
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ISBN 10 : 9780191029875
Pages : 528 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (91 users)
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Download or read book Targeted Killing in International Law written by Nils Melzer and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2008-05-29 with total page 528 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book conducts an in-depth analysis into the lawfulness of State-sponsored targeted killings under international human rights and humanitarian law. It also addresses the relevance of the law of inter-state force to targeted killings, and the interrelation of the various normative frameworks which may simultaneously apply to operations involving the intentional use of lethal force. Through a comprehensive analysis of treaties, custom, and general principles of law in light of jurisprudence, doctrine, and travaux preparatoires the author demonstrates that contemporary international law provides two distinct normative paradigms which govern the use of lethal force in law enforcement and in the conduct of hostilities. Based on the resulting normative paradigms, the author shows in what circumstances targeted killings may be considered as internationally lawful. The practical relevance of the various conditions and modalities is illustrated by reference to concrete examples of targeted killing from recent State practice. In essence the book argues that any targeted killing not directed against a legitimate military target remains subject to the law enforcement paradigm, which imposes extensive restraints on the practice. Even under the paradigm of hostilities, no person can be lawfully liquidated without further considerations. As a form of individualized or surgical warfare, the method of targeted killing requires a 'microscopic' interpretation of the law regulating the conduct of hostilities which leads to nuanced results. The author concludes by highlighting and comparing the main areas of concern arising with regard to State-sponsored targeted killing under each normative paradigm and by placing the results of the analysis in the wider context of the rule of law.

Download Ethics  Law and Justifying Targeted Killings PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781317239581
Pages : 214 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (172 users)
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Download or read book Ethics Law and Justifying Targeted Killings written by Jack McDonald and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-08-05 with total page 214 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the normative debates around the American use of targeted killings. It questions whether the Obama administration’s defence of its use of targeted killings is cohesive or hypocritical. In doing so, the book departs from the disciplinary purpose of international law, constitutional law and the just war tradition and instead examines discipline-specific defences of targeted killings to identify their requisite normative principles in order to compare these norms across disciplines. The methodology used in this book means that it argues that targeted killings are only defensible as acts of war, but it also highlights the normative role of accountability and responsibility in this defence. In doing so, it offers an argument that the use of ‘pattern of life’ killings by the CIA falls outside the defence offered by the Obama administration, but that this same type of targeting could be used by the military due to differing standards/mechanisms of responsibility assignment in these organisations. The book thus provides a way of investigating contemporary wars where the conduct of war lacks the traditional hallmarks of conventional warfare. Furthermore, by drawing attention to differing normative concepts that underpin competing interpretations of law and morality, it provides a way of analysing contemporary political violence in an interdisciplinary fashion without seeking to displace single disciplinary study. This book will be of much interest to students of military studies, ethics of war, foreign policy, international security and IR.

Download International and Transnational Criminal Law PDF
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Publisher : Aspen Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781543803013
Pages : 1858 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (438 users)
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Download or read book International and Transnational Criminal Law written by David Luban and published by Aspen Publishing. This book was released on 2018-11-26 with total page 1858 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This comprehensive and versatile book covers both international criminal law and the application of US criminal law transnationally. It has chapters on each of the core crimes (aggression, genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes), as well as separate chapters on the international tribunals from Nuremberg on and the ICC. Other chapters treat modes of liability, defenses, crimes against women, and alternatives to criminal prosecution in post-conflict societies. Thus the book can be used for courses focusing entirely on international criminal law and accountability for core crimes. But it also covers US criminal law in transnational contexts, including money laundering, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, and terrorism. In addition, it includes chapters on extradition, evidence gathering abroad, comparative criminal procedure and comparative sentencing, and US constitutional rights abroad. Introductory chapters on the nature of international criminal law, transnational jurisdiction, and the basics of public international law make the book accessible to students with no prior background. New to the 3rd Edition: Recent developments in the international tribunals, including the Habré trial in the African Extraordinary Chamber Updates on post-Morrison jurisdictional developments and the treatment of jurisdiction in the Restatement (Fourth) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States Activation of the crime of aggression by the ICC; cyber-attacks as aggression Recent war crimes jurisprudence and the treatment of war crimes in the US Department of Defense Law of War Manual A thorough revision of the ICC chapter including the Lubanga sentencing decisions and the Comoros decision on gravity Recent ICC jurisprudence on modes of liability Latest FCPA prosecution standards New cases on immunities and extradition Professors and students will benefit from: Versatility: Can be used for courses on international criminal law, and also for courses on US criminal law applied across borders Self-contained introductory chapters on basic public international law, transnational jurisdiction, and the nature of criminal law Detailed treatment of “headline” issues including torture, terrorism, and war crimes Readable background on historical context Teaching materials include: Comprehensive teacher’s manual, including the authors’ own teaching notes Discussion problems

Download The Intersection of Law and War PDF
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Publisher : Terrorism: Commentary on Secur
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ISBN 10 : 9780199915927
Pages : 591 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (999 users)
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Download or read book The Intersection of Law and War written by Kristen Boon and published by Terrorism: Commentary on Secur. This book was released on 2012 with total page 591 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Terrorism: Commentary on Security Documents is a series that provides primary source documents and expert commentary on various topics in the worldwide effort to combat terrorism. Among the documents collected are transcripts of Congressional testimony, reports by such federal government bodies as the Congressional Research Service (CRS) and the Government Accountability Office (GAO), United Nations Security Council resolutions, reports and investigations by the United Nations Secretary-General and other dedicated UN bodies, and case law from the U.S. and around the globe covering issues related to terrorism. Most volumes carry a single theme, and inside each volume the documents appear within topic-based categories. The series also includes a subject index and other indices that guide the user through this complex area of the law. Volume 126, The Intersection of Law and War, takes a fresh look at the ways in which law and war intersect in this modern age of multifaceted and multidimensional warfare. Professor Douglas Lovelace, Jr. has organized Congressional Research Service reports and United Nations studies to discuss how U.S. law and international law bear on contemporary national security issues such as: terrorism in the context of the war powers debate; the use of drones for targeted killings; maintaining and closing the U.S. detention facility at Guantanamo Bay; and illegal border crossing into the United States.

Download How Terrorism Ends PDF
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Publisher : Princeton University Press
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ISBN 10 : 1400831148
Pages : 336 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (311 users)
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Download or read book How Terrorism Ends written by Audrey Kurth Cronin and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2009-08-24 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Amid the fear following 9/11 and other recent terror attacks, it is easy to forget the most important fact about terrorist campaigns: they always come to an end--and often far more quickly than expected. Contrary to what many assume, when it comes to dealing with terrorism it may be more important to understand how it ends than how it begins. Only by understanding the common ways in which terrorist movements have died out or been eradicated in the past can we hope to figure out how to speed the decline of today's terrorist groups, while avoiding unnecessary fears and costly overreactions. In How Terrorism Ends, Audrey Kurth Cronin examines how terrorist campaigns have met their demise over the past two centuries, and applies these enduring lessons to outline a new strategy against al-Qaeda. This book answers questions such as: How long do terrorist campaigns last? When does targeting the leadership finish a group? When do negotiations lead to the end? Under what conditions do groups transition to other forms of violence, such as insurgency or civil war? How and when do they succeed or fail, and then disappear? Examining a wide range of historical examples--including the anti-tsarist Narodnaya Volya, the Provisional IRA, Peru's Shining Path, Japan's Aum Shinrikyo, and various Palestinian groups--Cronin identifies the ways in which almost all terrorist groups die out, including decapitation (catching or killing the leader), negotiation, repression, and implosion. How Terrorism Ends is the only comprehensive book on its subject and a rarity among all the books on terrorism--at once practical, optimistic, rigorous, and historical.

Download Drones and Targeted Killing PDF
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Publisher : Interlink Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781623710651
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (237 users)
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Download or read book Drones and Targeted Killing written by Marjorie (ed.) Cohn and published by Interlink Publishing. This book was released on 2014-12-14 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: EXPERT ANALYSIS OF AN ILLEGAL AND IMMORAL PRACTICE The Bush administration detained and tortured suspected terrorists; the Obama administration assassinates them. Assassination, or targeted killing, off the battlefield not only causes more resentment against the United States, it is also illegal. In this interdisciplinary collection, human rights and political activists, policy analysts, lawyers and legal scholars, a philosopher, a journalist and a sociologist examine different aspects of the U.S. policy of targeted killing with drones and other methods. It explores the legality, morality and geopolitical considerations of targeted killing and resulting civilian casualties, and evaluates the impact on relations between the United States and affected countries. The book includes the documentation of civilian casualties by the leading non-governmental organization in this area; stories of civilians victimized by drones; an analysis of the first U.S. targeted killing lawsuit by the lawyer who brought the case; a discussion of the targeted killing cases in Israel by the director of PCATI which filed one of the lawsuits; the domestic use of drones; and the immorality of drones using Just War principles. Contributors include: Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Phyllis Bennis, Medea Benjamin, Marjorie Cohn, Richard Falk, Tom Hayden, Pardiss Kebriaei, Jane Mayer, Ishai Menuchin, Jeanne Mirer, John Quigley, Dr. Tom Reifer, Alice Ross, Jay Stanley, and Harry Van der Linden.

Download Weighing Lives in War PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780192515940
Pages : 312 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (925 users)
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Download or read book Weighing Lives in War written by Jens David Ohlin and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017-08-04 with total page 312 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The chief means to limit and calculate the costs of war are the philosophical and legal concepts of proportionality and necessity. Both categories are meant to restrain the most horrific potential of war. The volume explores the moral and legal issues in the modern law of war in three major categories. In so doing, the contributions will look for new and innovative approaches to understanding the process of weighing lives implicit in all theories of jus in bello: who counts in war, understanding proportionality, and weighing lives in asymmetric conflicts. These questions arise on multiple levels and require interdisciplinary consideration of both philosophical and legal themes.

Download Identifying the Enemy PDF
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Publisher : OUP Oxford
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ISBN 10 : 9780191667947
Pages : 260 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (916 users)
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Download or read book Identifying the Enemy written by Emily Crawford and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2015-07-23 with total page 260 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Over the past twenty-five years, significant changes in the conduct of wars have increasingly placed civilians in traditional military roles - employing civilians to execute drone strikes, the 'targeted killing' of suspected terrorists, the use of private security contractors in combat zones, and the spread of cyber attacks. Under the laws of armed conflict, civilians cannot be targeted unless they take direct part in hostilities. Once civilians take action, they become targets. This book analyses the complex question of how to identify just who those civilians are. Identifying the Enemy examines the history of civilian participation in armed conflict and how the law has responded to such action. It asks the crucial question: what is 'direct participation in hostilities'? The book slices through the attempts to untie this Gordian knot, and shows that the changing nature of warfare has called into question the very foundation of the civilian/military dichotomy that is at the heart of the law of armed conflict.

Download American Studies Encounters the Middle East PDF
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Publisher : UNC Press Books
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ISBN 10 : 9781469628851
Pages : 339 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (696 users)
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Download or read book American Studies Encounters the Middle East written by Alex Lubin and published by UNC Press Books. This book was released on 2016-08-24 with total page 339 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the field of American studies, attention is shifting to the long history of U.S. engagement with the Middle East, especially in the aftermath of war in Iraq and in the context of recent Arab uprisings in protest against economic inequality, social discrimination, and political repression. Here, Alex Lubin and Marwan M. Kraidy curate a new collection of essays that focuses on the cultural politics of America's entanglement with the Middle East and North Africa, making a crucial intervention in the growing subfield of transnational American studies. Featuring a diverse list of contributors from the United States, the Arab world, and beyond, American Studies Encounters the Middle East analyzes Arab-American relations by looking at the War on Terror, pop culture, and the influence of the American hegemony in a time of revolution. Contributors include Christina Moreno Almeida, Ashley Dawson, Brian T. Edwards, Waleed Hazbun, Craig Jones, Osamah Khalil, Mounira Soliman, Helga Tawil-Souri, Judith E. Tucker, Adam John Waterman, and Rayya El Zein.

Download Challenges in International Human Rights Law PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781351572491
Pages : 824 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (515 users)
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Download or read book Challenges in International Human Rights Law written by MennoT. Kamminga and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-10-23 with total page 824 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The main challenges within international human rights law are generally thought to be in the fields of transitional justice, non-state actors, terrorism, development, poverty and environmental degradation. This volume of articles not only covers these mainstream challenges but also a wider and more systematic range, including justiciability of social and economic rights, extraterritoriality, health care and investment arbitration. The key literature selected for this collection includes articles that have appeared in mainstream journals and books from leading publishers as well as papers that have appeared in lesser known journals, hard to find books and UN documents. Some of these are classic essays whilst others are more recent additions that reflect the current state of the debate. The papers are put into context by a specially commissioned introduction by the volume editor. This volume is an invaluable resource for human rights lawyers in search of the key literature in fields outside their own specialization as well as for students, researchers and lecturers seeking an overview of the challenges in human rights law.